Basic information and indicator
Diabetes is a condition also known under the name of diabetes mellitus, which represents a group of metabolic related diseases that are characterized by inducing elevated blood sugar levels in a person due to the inability of the body to produce proper amounts of insulin. Another reason is also that body cells, at times, have the tendency not to respond to the insulin that is being produced by the body. Direct consequences of the elevated blood sugar levels are such conditions as polyuria (i.e. too frequent urination), polydipsia (i.e. overt thirst), as well as polyphagia (i.e. to intense craving for food).
Types and characteristics
When it comes to the illness in question, one should make a clear distinction between three different types. These are the following:
- Type 1 diabetes – is the direct consequence of the inability of the body to produce proper amounts of insulin. For this reason, a person in question needs to inject insulin in order to compensate for the lack of it. This type of diabetes is also known as the insulin-independent diabetes mellitus.
- Type 2 diabetes – is the direct consequence of the resistance to insulin, which is the result of improper use of insulin by the body cells that is also quite often combined with absolute insulin deficiency. In addition, this type is also commonly referred to as the non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes.
Aside from the aforementioned two most prominent types of diabetes, there also exist such types as congenital diabetes (direct consequence of genetic defects of insulin secretion), cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, as well as steroid diabetes (brought about by increased doses of glucocorticoids) and last but not the least, various kinds of monogenic diabetes.
Diabetes or not?
When it comes to the two most distinct types of diabetes, type one and type two, the most important thing to know is that they occur as a direct result of the incapability of the body to process sugar in the manner most proper. In comparison to these two types, diabetes insipidus is a condition that is characterized by the body’s inability to process water in that same most proper manner and is also referred to as the water diabetes.
Important as well is to know that there exist four distinct varieties of diabetes insipidus as well, namely:
- Neurogenic diabetes insipidus (consequence of the lack of hormone vasopressin)
- Gestagenic diabetes insipidus (consequence of the destruction of vasopressin during pregnancy)
- Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (consequence of the inability of kidneys to concentrate urine most suitably)
- Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus (consequence of the suppressive effect of overt intake of fluids on the effect of vasopressin)