One of the most common infections in children is urine infection, and it can be caused by numerous factors but in most cases this condition isn’t serious and it is treated easily. In order to understand what a urine infection is, it is important to understand what the urinary tract is made of. Every person has two kidneys and they produce urine that is kept in the bladder and passed out through urethra. When we go to the toilet we empty our bladder and in the case of urine infection some bacteria appear in the urine. Normally, in most cases, bacteria that is in our urine normally lives in other parts of our body, and when they get in the bladder or a kidney, an infection occurs. The statistics say that one boy out of 20, and 1 girl out of 10 has been treated of at least one urine infection in the youth. The children that are 5 years old are the most affected by urine infections. Medical terms that doctors use in urine infections are the following:
- UTI, infection of the urinary tract.
- Lower urinary tract infection, the infection is in kidneys or in the urethra
- Upper urinary tract infection the infection is in the kidney or/and urethra
- Pyelonephritis meaning the kidney infection
- Loin pain abdominal pain caused by a kidney
Some of the symptoms that appear in the children who are at the age of 1 to 6 are fever, vomiting, severe pain, changing of skin color in yellow, smelly urine and blood in urine (less often). So if a child has one of these symptoms a urine test should be done, because in most cases we are dealing with urine infection. You should suspect of urine infection in a child if it generally feels unwell, if it suffers from abdominal pain or is wetting in bed. If a doctor suspects in a urine infection, a confirmation of diagnosis is done with a sample of urine which is tested. But how can one get a sample of urine from a child or a baby without being contaminated? It seems like an impossible mission. Here we will give you some tips how to do it.
If you need to take a sample from a child, you have to be prepared to do it at the moment when a child passes the urine. Don’t touch the rim of the bottle with fingers, so that a contamination would be prevented. In a case a baby, a doctor will give you specially pad in a nappy and from that wet pad, urine shall be sucked into a syringe. The other way to collect a urine sample from a baby is to stick to baby’s skin a plastic bag, and remove it after an hour or so. That urine should be, as soon as possible, taken to doctor so that he could run a test.