Diabetes Mellitus is a serious condition which presents in high levels of sugar in blood. There are two explanations for this. The first one is that insulin, a hormone which is is charge of regulation of level of sugar in blood, is not produced in appropriate quantities. The second option is that body cells are resistant to insulin so it cannot function properly. No matter what happens Diabetes Mellitus is rather serious condition which eventually leads to numerous complications. Symptoms and signs of this disease are rather unique and every well-experienced doctor can recognize possible case of Diabetes Mellitus.
Diabetes can be classified as idiopathic or secondary. Idiopathic diabetes can be further divided into insulin dependent or type 1 and non-insulin-dependent or type 2.
In most patients Diabetes shows no symptoms. The goal is to diagnose the disease on time so the proper treatment can be conducted in order to prevent possible complications.
What is symptomatic for the disease is increased thirst and urination. These patients can take up to several liters of water a day and urinate the equal quantity. The thirst is present even at night which makes it difficult for patients to sleep without interruptions. Additionally there are changes in appetite. Even though patients tend to show extreme huger and do eat a lot they constantly lose weight. This is what leads patients to see their doctors. Increased hunger happens due to increased level of sugar in blood. The sugar cannot enter the body cells and the body on the other hand sends signals that it needs sugar to function. This is why the patients feel the urge to eat so much. As for gastrointestinal symptoms patient may experience nausea, vomiting and pain in the abdomen as well.
Patients are tired and their regular behavior may change a bit. The brain is not supplied properly with sugar which is the essential substance for brain functioning. This leads to mood changes such as irritability, patient may experience headaches and feel nervous.
The skin changes include dry and itchy skin. It takes time for wounds to heal completely. These patients are prone to skin infection more than other people. Even women tend to suffer more form vaginal candidiasis.
The disease is known to affect all the organs predominantly kidneys, eyes, heart and blood vessels. The blurred vision is one more symptom but this develops after years of suffering from disease as the process of atherosclerosis takes time and this process affects blood vessel in the eyes leading to problems with sight.
In later stages, the nerves are affected by so called diabetic neuropathy. This condition leads to loss of sensations and even changes of sensations in fingers and toes. Tingling, burning sensations and numbness are some that can be present.