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Diabetes Facts

Diabetes mellitus (or justdiabetes) is a medical condition characterized by high levels of blood sugar. Thebody of diabetes patients doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t respond to insulinthat body has produced, causing the increase of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Thecommon symptoms of this illness include increased hunger and thirst and muchfrequent urination than normal.

There are three types ofdiabetes: type 1 is an autoimmune disorder when the body doesn’t produceinsulin. Diabetes type 2 is caused by resistance to insulin and type 3 isreferring to diabetes cases in pregnant women, and it’s called gestationaldiabetes.

Untreated diabetesmay be a serious risk to your health and the condition could even become a lifethreating.

Dehydration

Badly manageddiabetes is recognized by these effects: dehydration, increased thirst of thepatients and extreme production of urine. One of the major risksof untreated diabetes is dehydration, because of the high blood sugar. Serious dehydrationis a severe condition, affecting important organs of the body, like heart,kidneys and the brain. The levels ofglucose might be 8 to 10 times higher than normal, causing severe dehydrationof the whole body.

Additionally,there’s little glucose left to be excreted in urine, and it causes osmotic diuresis.Production of urine increases and the body gets even more dehydrated.

Tissue Injury

Diabetes ischronic condition affecting the blood vessels in the body and causing theirchanges and abnormalities. Untreated or poorly treated diabetes cause much seriousproblems and much sooner than treated.

Changes of bloodvessels in the eye may cause different eye problems, like retinopathy or evenblindness. Diabetes may also be the cause of heart issues, leading to heartattack or arrhythmias, or brain problems, such as stroke. Kidneys are alsoaffected, and the untreated diabetes is the cause of d stage kidney disease. Thiscondition may result in ischemia and sometimes gangrene of the limbs, whichends in amputation of the affected limb.

Peripheral nervescould be seriously damaged, causing decreased bladder control, numbness in handsand feet and many other disorders.

Other Illnesses

Diabetes isconsidered to be a risk factor for many illnesses, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis.These illnesses may even further damage of already affected tissues.

Metabolic Acidosis

Metabolism ofdiabetes patients prefer to deal with fat than carbohydrates, causing thebuildup of keto acids, which lead to condition known as metabolic acidosis. Thiscould complicate the illness and cause serious case of acidosis or diabeticcoma.

Depletion of Body Proteins

Untreated diabetestype 1 is causing patients’ bodies to rapidly lose weight, even if they eat abnormal amounts of food. It is a severe condition, and if it remains untreated for coupleof weeks it could lead to body damage and death.

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