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Diabetes Facts

Diabetes mellitus (or just diabetes) is a medical condition characterized by high levels of blood sugar. The body of diabetes patients doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t respond to insulin that body has produced, causing the increase of glucose (sugar) in the blood. The common symptoms of this illness include increased hunger and thirst and much frequent urination than normal.

There are three types of diabetes: type 1 is an autoimmune disorder when the body doesn’t produce insulin. Diabetes type 2 is caused by resistance to insulin and type 3 is referring to diabetes cases in pregnant women, and it’s called gestational diabetes.

Untreated diabetes may be a serious risk to your health and the condition could even become a life threating.

Dehydration

Badly managed diabetes is recognized by these effects: dehydration, increased thirst of the patients and extreme production of urine. One of the major risks of untreated diabetes is dehydration, because of the high blood sugar. Serious dehydration is a severe condition, affecting important organs of the body, like heart, kidneys and the brain. The levels of glucose might be 8 to 10 times higher than normal, causing severe dehydration of the whole body.

Additionally, there’s little glucose left to be excreted in urine, and it causes osmotic diuresis. Production of urine increases and the body gets even more dehydrated.

Tissue Injury

Diabetes is chronic condition affecting the blood vessels in the body and causing their changes and abnormalities. Untreated or poorly treated diabetes cause much serious problems and much sooner than treated.

Changes of blood vessels in the eye may cause different eye problems, like retinopathy or even blindness. Diabetes may also be the cause of heart issues, leading to heart attack or arrhythmias, or brain problems, such as stroke. Kidneys are also affected, and the untreated diabetes is the cause of d stage kidney disease. This condition may result in ischemia and sometimes gangrene of the limbs, which ends in amputation of the affected limb.

Peripheral nerves could be seriously damaged, causing decreased bladder control, numbness in hands and feet and many other disorders.

Other Illnesses

Diabetes is considered to be a risk factor for many illnesses, such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. These illnesses may even further damage of already affected tissues.

Metabolic Acidosis

Metabolism of diabetes patients prefer to deal with fat than carbohydrates, causing the buildup of keto acids, which lead to condition known as metabolic acidosis. This could complicate the illness and cause serious case of acidosis or diabetic coma.

Depletion of Body Proteins

Untreated diabetes type 1 is causing patients’ bodies to rapidly lose weight, even if they eat abnormal amounts of food. It is a severe condition, and if it remains untreated for couple of weeks it could lead to body damage and death.

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