The number of obese and overweight people is constantly increasing and, what is more, the children are equally gaining so much body fat. The issue of obesity is closely associated with the condition named diabetes mellitus, or just simply called diabetes. Those people who are diabetics have the problems with excess glucose in the blood and the high level of blood sugar is induced by one of the two main reasons according to which this disease is divided into two types.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not capable to release enough amounts of the hormone insulin, which has a prominent role in controlling the levels of glucose in the bloodstream. On the other side, type 2 diabetes occurs when the cells in the body fail to recognize insulin so they do not respond to it even though there is enough of this hormone in the blood. These two types are the major ones but there are also three others, such as gestational, congenital and fibrosis diabetes. Unfortunately, children are also likely to develop diabetes due to various reasons.
Causes of diabetes in children
The children are mainly affected by type 1 diabetes and since it is prevalent in children, it is also called juvenile diabetes. The shortage of insulin leads to juvenile diabetes and it is not known why it happens in many cases. However, it is considered that it has something to do with some autoimmune disorder where the body’s defense system attacks the pancreatic cells which manufacture insulin. Furthermore, some children have hereditary predisposition to develop the diabetes. Unhealthy diet and bad life habits may also lead to the occurrence of diabetes mellitus in children.
Symptoms of diabetes in children
The warning signs of diabetes are very similar to those found in the adults, except from the two additional symptoms that are characteristic only for the children, such as headaches and behavioral changes. The children having diabetes are likely to experience too much of hunger and thirst and frequent urge to urinate. Problems with eyes like blurred vision, weight loss even though eating and physical habits remained the same, sickness, vomiting and constant fatigue are also some of the warning signs of juvenile diabetes.It has also been observed that the children with diabetes mellitus often complain about the tingling sensations in their extremities, pain in the stomach and frequent infections. The healing of the simple sores or cuts that takes a long time may also be a sign of diabetes in children.
The child diagnosed with juvenile diabetes receives a treatment that involves the daily dosage of insulin, but certain lifestyle changes should also be made.