What exactly is sudden cardiac arrest?
Sudden cardiac arrest is also known as cardiac death, and it happens when the heart stops all of a sudden. With the loss of the heart function, the person losses consciousness and breathing stops as well. The factors that might cause or contribute to the occurrence of this condition are various, but what actually happens in such situations is that the heart’s function to pump the blood is disrupted due to electrical disturbance, which results in stopping of the blood flow to all the parts of the body.
People tend to mistaken this condition for heart attack, but the difference is huge, since in the case of a heart attack, the blood blow to one part of the heart is blocked. Still, it is not impossible that heart attack provokes sudden cardiac arrest. Aside from heart attack, various heart issues and diseases can also provoke sudden cardiac arrest.
How to recognize sudden cardiac arrest and what to do?
The fact is that the symptoms that indicate this condition, which frequently has fatal consequences, are drastic and include sudden loss of consciousness and collapse. The person in question will not have a pulse, and will not breathe. However, it is not uncommon that problems such as tiredness, blackouts, dizziness, vomiting, and pain in the chest appear before these symptoms, which is why they should not be disregarded, even if the person is not a part of the risk group. Heart palpitations, abnormal heartbeat and any discomfort in the chest area are definitely serious enough to go and see the doctor as soon as possible. In case the person is unable to go to the doctor, medical emergency help is of vital importance.
Since consequences are either fatal or permanent, it is necessary to do everything that is possible in order to help the person who experiences sudden cardiac arrest. This means that besides calling 911, it is highly recommended to check if person is breathing or not and begin CPR if the breathing is not normal. CPR consists of pushing hard the person’s chest and about 100 compressions in a minute. Rescue breaths should follow every 30th compression, but only if a person is trained in CPR. This is the only thing that might help the person in question until emergency medical help arrives, which is why this should be continued as long as necessary.