Mirtazapine is an antidepressantdrug that doctors usually prescribe for the treatment of major or clinicaldepression. Mirtazapine is very effective in blocking some of the receptors,such as serotonin, norepinephrine, histamine, and muscarinic receptors. Thenerves release serotonin and norepinephrine, but some receptors may reducetheir levels thus causing depression. In such cases, mirtazapine obstructs thereceptors, so serotonin and norepinephrine can normally send massages betweennerves. Mirtazapine is generally used to treat depression, but in somecases tremors are also treated by this drug. Mirtazapine is prescribed only foradults and not for children.
Complications when usingmirtazapine
It is very important to consultthe doctor before using this medicine, and to report certain medicalcondition if the patient has any. For example, the patient with bipolardisorder, or previous heart attack or stoke must be very careful if takingmirtazapine. Furthermore, chest pain, neutropenia, liver diseases such asliver failure or cirrhosis, kidney disease, seizures and epilepsy are some ofthe conditions that may be worsened if this medicine is consumed. If symptomsof hypotension, any kind of allergy, or suicidal thoughts or attempts happen inpatients, the doctor must be informed. It is not recommended to take thismedicine if a woman is pregnant or if she wants to become pregnant in thenearer future. Also, it should not be used if a woman breastfeeds her child.
Side effects of mirtazapine
Most medicines have at least someside effects, and so does this one. Some of them can appear in combination andnot all the people will experience the same. The most common side effectof this medicine, which is very serious at the same time, is the one related tosuicidal thoughts or behavior. High blood pressure and low blood pressure aretwo common cardiovascular side effects, while anxiety, agitation panic attacks,hostility and aggressiveness are only some of other adverse effects ofmirtazapine.
Some persons that used thismedicine experienced also the symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such asconfusion, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, shivering, shakings and sweating.Coma is also possible, though it occurs very rarely. Of dermatologic side effects, the mostusual are the appearance of rash, hives and itching. In addition to allthese side effects which have been mentioned so far, difficulty inbreathing or swallowing, a sore throat and some signs of an infection,hyperactivity, mood swings, sleeplessness, hallucinations and chest palpitationmay also occur as the adverse effects of mirtazapine.