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Patients diagnosed with the high blood pressure (hypertension) mustrealize the importance of the therapy. Hypertension is the condition that mustbe treated, because otherwise it will lead to heart and kidney problems, lossof vision or stroke.

High blood pressure is usually associated with theheadaches, tiredness, dizziness, vision problems and shortness of breath. It canbe caused by stress in your everyday life or be inherited. Certain medical conditions,like kidney disease, thyroid problems and diabetes mellitus might also causehigh blood pressure. There are also several different risk factors for developmentof hypertension, including the age, obesity, smoking or high sodium diet.

Anti-hypertensive Medications

Several groups of drugs are used to treat heightened bloodpressure. These are: ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors, angiotensinantagonists, calcium channel blockers (CCBs), diuretics, beta blockers, alphablockers, combined alpha and beta blockers, vasodilators and peripheraladrenergic inhibitors.

In patients suffering from diabetes, chronic kidney problemsor heart attack and hypertension, the recommended drugs are ACE inhibitors andangiotensin receptor blockers. Calcium channel blockers are used to treat chestpain (angina pectoris) and arrhythmias, beside hypertension. Beta blockers are preferredin the treatment for people suffering from resting tachycardia or acute heartattack.

Adverse Effects

All hypertensive medications may cause unwanted sideeffects. Some effects can be tolerated and others might cause the change of theantihypertensive medications.

ACE inhibitors are known to cause skin rash and allergicreactions. Patients using these medications also complained about chronic drycough, which may be the reason to switch to different drugs (usuallyangiotensin receptor blockers). In patients suffering from renal failure, ACE inhibitorsmight cause hyperkaliemia, potentially serious condition. Because of this, peoplesuffering from kidney or arterial problems should not use these medications andthe same goes for pregnant women.

Angiotensin receptor blockers can also cause skin rashes,but also dizziness and headaches in people using them. These drugs are not suitablefor pregnant women.

Alpha blockers may be the reason for headaches, dizziness,drowsiness or lightheadedness.

Beta blockers could cause tiredness, sleeping problems, intolerance,drowsiness, dizziness and even depression. Patients using beta blockers couldsuffer from asthma or slow heartbeats, too. These medications are well known tocause problems in diabetics, since they cover up the warning signs of loweredblood sugar.

CCBs are reported to cause nausea, skin rash, bleeding gums,drowsiness, headaches and constipation. These drugs can be responsible for theswelling in your ankles and feet.

Diuretics can lead to tiredness, dizziness and leg cramps,but also to hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood). These medications shouldnot be used by pregnant women or diabetic patients.

Vasodilators may cause skin rash, vomiting, diarrhea,headaches, anxiety and flu-like symptoms. Chest pains and heart problems werealso reported by patients using vasodilators.

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