The disorder of high blood pressure, medically called hypertension is one of the most widespread diseases in the world nowadays. Mostly high BP occurs because of the speed of living that the modern age dictates.
There are a lot of drugs in the market today that are designed to lower the pressure. The point is that the drugs must be chosen carefully because the patients that have the troubles with the high blood pressure often have at least one more health problem. So, this is not an easy thing to prescribe the medications. And, in order to treat this condition, it should be realized that it is highly advisable to rely even more on a healthier lifestyle.
So, the precautions for this condition include avoiding the following triggers: smoking, drinking alcohol and the foods with a lot of salt and fat; and introducing exercises and the diet that is rich in vegetables and fruits.
As already mentioned, hypertension is often related and can lead to other health problems, such as a risk of coronary artery disease, the prior heart attack or stroke (if happened) and the heart failure, diabetes, a kidney disorder and some anatomical problem, for example, of the enlarged left chamber of the heart.
Depending on the highness of both, the systolic, and diastolic blood pressure (the first one is the higher number when measuring), there are the two stages of hypertension. The first stage is the pressure below 160/100, and the second stage is when the pressure is higher than 160/100.
Of course, the first stage is defined as a milder condition and the treatment includes: beta blockers (that tranquilize the nerve response to the heart), the angiotensin II receptor blockers (that make the blood vessels wider), the calcium channel blockers (that stop the calcium to enter into the heart) and the ACE inhibitors. Of course, all these drugs are prescribed along with the most important drugs, the diuretics, which are designed to drain the excessive water from the body.
In the case of the second stage of hypertension, the amount of different medications increases. Also, the diuretics are the obligatory medications, and they are followed by the same types of the drugs that are previously mentioned, but the alpha blocker could be included in the treatment, since there is a danger of some acute problem, such as stroke of infarct.
Therefore, it is important to emphasize that in the case of very high blood pressure, it must be lowered down as quickly as possible, so that the complications and the severe damages could be avoided.