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When measuring the blood pressure, there are two numbers: the top number is called systolic and the bottom number is diastolic blood pressure. According to the specialists, blood pressure over 140/90 mm Hg is considered as high blood pressure.

High blood pressure (hypertension) is the disease that should be treated, because it increases the risks for stroke, cardiovascular and kidney problems. Even though the treatment is easy, the disease is still endangering the lives of millions of people. Just in the United States (US) every 1 of 4 people is suffering from this condition.

Hypertension Risks

Women are at greater risk than men of having this medical condition.

African-Americans tend to develop high blood pressure more often and at earlier age than Caucasians.

Smoking, alcohol abuse, overweight, physical inactivity, high blood cholesterol are also the contributing factors for this disease. Hypertension is known to run in the families, so genetic factors shouldn’t be neglected. Diabetes patients might develop hypertension.

Women using contraceptive pills could experience high blood pressure as the side effect of the medications.

Women after the menopause and women who had a hysterectomy (removal of uterus) are at greater risk of hypertension.

Symptoms of Hypertension

Many patients experience dizziness, headaches and different eye disorders, but symptoms might not be present at all. Sometimes, women experiencing weaken libido may find that it was connected to their high blood pressure.


People diagnosed with hypertension need to adjust their diet and everyday life to this condition. Doctors recommend maintaining the healthy weight, regular exercise, sodium and alcohol restrictive diet and giving up on cigarettes.

Hypertension is treated with different medications, and it is up to your doctor to decide what drugs will be the best for your condition. The most commonly used medications include beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, diuretics, and mixed (alpha-beta) blockers. It is important to use this hypertension drug exactly as it is prescribed, following the directions of your doctor. Do not use more medication than it was recommended, and do not stop with the therapy on your own. If you do so, there are chances you would endanger your health, causing fast rise of your blood pressure.

Any questions, potential problems and side effects of the medications used to treat high blood pressure should be talked through with your doctor.

Using the hypertension medication and lowering the blood pressure, you are considerably decreasing the risks of stroke and many heart problems.

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