Gallbladder is an organ in the human body, which is located under the liver below the rib cage. It is a sac-like organ, which is a part of the gastrointestinal tract and which has the role in the digestion of the food we eat. Its main function is to store the bile, which is very important for the process of the breaking down the fatty foods.
Gallbladder can be affected by many disorders or diseases. One of the gallbladder disorders is porcelain gallbladder. It is a very rare condition marked by the calcification of the gallbladder, where the wall of the gallbladder gets encrusted. Chronic cholecystitis is the medical term for a condition that leads to the occurrence of porcelain gallbladder. In the majority of cases, excessive gallstones are the major cause for the incidence of chronic cholecystitis. Since the wall of the gallbladder becomes hard, brittle, bluish and white in texture, and it resembles porcelain ceramic. That is how this condition got the name. The main cause for the porcelain gallbladder is the chronic inflammation of the gallbladder. When the calcification of the wall is extreme, then this condition is also called calcifying cholecystitis or calcified gallbladder.
The liver is the organ when the bile is synthesized. From the liver through the cystic duct the bile is transported to the gallbladder. From the gallbladder, the bile is carried through the common duct to the small intestine. The small gallstones form from the cholesterol when the bile does not break down all the fats. Sometimes it happens that the gallstones lodge in the bile ducts and block the normal flow of the fluid. Thus, the gallbladder inflammation or infection occurs, which further leads to the hardening and thickening of the wall of the gallbladder, which is why porcelain gallbladder occurs.
Even though porcelain gallbladder may appear in men as well as in women, the women are more susceptible to this gallbladder disorder. Fortunately, it rarely happens. However, when it happens, in the majority of cases, a surgery is necessary. In the surgery even the entire gallbladder is removed.
Symptoms of porcelain gallbladder
In most cases, porcelain gallbladder does not show any warning signs. It is usually discovered by certain tests that are carried out for some other disease. Nevertheless, in some people, there are several symptoms that may appear. The most common warning signs of porcelain gallbladder are abdominal pain, especially after eating, jaundice and vomiting.