Peyronie's disease is a debilitating condition affecting men. In men suffering from Peyronie's disease the curvature of the penis is abnormal and the organ is inadequately bent.
What Causes Peyronie's Disease?
Peyronie's disease is a disease of unknown origin. There is no identified cause why the curvature of the penis changes in abnormal manner.
However, some experts believe that trauma plays a significant role in the onset of scarring of the organ. The penis normally achieves an erection when the corpus cevernosum gets filled with blood. This process develops as a consequence of sexual arousal. The corpus cavernosum is made of elastic tissue which makes enlargement of the organ during erection easy. Still, in case of an injury to the corpus cavernosum the affected tissues get inflamed. One should not worry if the healing process occurs adequately. However, sometimes the tissue may undergo excessive scarring which makes the organ less flexible and changes its curvature.
It is also possible that the condition is genetically inherited. Finally, there have been cases reported that Peyronie's disease may develop as a side effect of certain drugs, but there is no clinical evidence to prove this thesis.
Peyronie's Disease Clinical Characteristics
Scar tissue which forms inside the penis develops in a form of plaques. The plaque usually goes through several stages. Initially, there is a localized swelling with later hardening of the scar and thickening of the entire area. As a result, during erection this scar tissue cannot expand and the organ is bent or curved in an abnormal way. Such inadequate bending may cause pain and discomfort. The pain may reduce in intensity after some period of time, but the abnormal curvature remains.
Peyronie's Disease Treatment Options
If the condition is neither severe nor progressive, it can eventually resolve on its own. On the other hand, severe deformities, especially if they are accompanied by pain/discomfort during erection, must be properly treated.
The most successful way to treat Peyronie's disease is surgical repair. Before the patient undergoes surgery, he should be monitored for approximately 6 month. This time is sufficient enough to estimate whether the disease has progressed or has started to resolve on its own.
In men in whom the disease has led to shortening of the organ surgery is performed on the part that has been affected by scar tissue. In individuals with an adequate penis length and mild to moderate deformity the surgeon operates the side of the organ opposite to the affected one.
Finally, apart from surgical corrections, patients may also benefit from penile implants. This surgery is the most convenient solution if the person is additionally suffering from erectile dysfunction.