Blood sugar levels are actually levels of glucose in our blood. These results are an indicator of whether one's pancreas and kidneys are healthy, producing enough insulin enzymes, maintaining adequate blood sugar levels. Once blood sugar is measured, fasting blood sugar and blood sugar levels after eating are taken into consideration separately.
Fasting and Postprandial Blood Sugar Levels
When the patient's fasting blood sugar levels are to be measured, he/she is not allowed to eat anything for 6 to 8 hours after the last meal or immediately before the next meal. Glucose levels when we are fasting are very important for medical purposes, since they show whether a person is healthy or not. Blood sugar results can vary significantly once people eat before the test. Therefore, this method is considered unreliable and fasting is usually necessary.
Normal Fasting Blood Sugar Levels
Basically, when adult women are concerned, normal fasting blood sugar levels are about 83 mg/dl or less. On the other hand, normal blood sugar levels for fasting men are around 90 and 130 mg/dl. As far as children are concerned, optimal values for these purposes are 100 mg/dl. Since juvenile diabetes is a common illness, parents are advised to pay close attention to their child's blood sugar levels.
Usually, everything below 70 mg/dl is considered to be low, when it comes to blood sugar levels. Normal levels range from 70 to 100 mg/dl. If blood glucose levels exceed 100 and go up to 126 mg/dl, this state is considered to be pre-diabetes stage. Finally, everything above 126 mg/dl is treated as diabetes.
Interpreting Blood Sugar Levels
Blood sugar levels raising gradually are usually the sign of a change in one's lifestyle. Then, reducing fatty food intake and introducing regular exercise usually put things back into balance. Yet, if the blood sugar levels surpass 120 mg/dl, the patient is advised to seek further medical assistance.
If diabetes symptoms are present along with high levels of blood glucose, the condition is diagnosed. Then, in order to reduce the blood sugar levels, lifestyle changes are necessary in order to keep the diabetes at bay.
Nevertheless, diabetes should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible since, the more this condition advances the more complicated the treatment gets. So, do not ignore the readings and look further into high levels of your blood sugar levels so that you might seek treatment timely and stop diabetes as soon as it occurs.