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In the following text, we will focus on the problem of lumps located under the skin. We will see which factors cause this problem and how it can be treated in the next lines. They are usually non-cancerous and benign and they can be developed on every part of the body. They sometimes cause pain, but they can be painless as well. The most common locations on the body in which they develop are face, neck, armpit, arm and legs. There are several possible causes of this condition among which are some health conditions as well.

Causes

Lipomas are the most common type of lumps developed under the skin and they are described as nodules or soft and fatty lumps that have consistency of a rubber.

  • Clumping of the fat cells produces lipomas and they mostly appear on the trunk area, back, chest, neck and shoulders, but they can appear anywhere on the body. Cyst is also a very common lump, which can be filled with fluid in some cases.
  • Clogging of the sebaceous or oil gland develops as a common type of lump under the skin called sebaceous cyst. They commonly appear in the trunk area, scalp, back, neck and face, but areas like genitals can also be hit by this problem.
  • The appearance of the lump under the skin may be obtained by swollen lymph nodes, which commonly appear on the armpit, behind the ear, groin, under the jaw and the neck. Also, they can become bigger because of infection, injury or trauma.
  • Gland's abnormal growth or enlarged thyroid gland can cause a lump located under the Adam’s apple.
  • Dermatofibromas are brownish, red and hard lumps located under the skin of legs and arms. These lumps have fibrous connective tissue and they are in fact tumors.
  • Cystic acnes are lumps located on the face and other body parts and they are located deep into the skin.
  • Neurofibroma can occur under or on the skin, and they can become malignant in some cases, although they are non-cancerous in the beginning. Hard and cancerous lumps are warts, skin abscess, boils, carbuncle and folliculitis.

Treatment

Medical intervention is usually not needed for these non-cancerous problems, but draining of these lumps may be needed if they are infected. This especially goes for cystic acne, abscess and cysts. Cortisone medications can reduce the size of large cysts, or even surgery can be done if they are too great in size and do not respond to the treatment. Infected lipomas may need treatment but they are very rare. But if it occurs, they can be squeezed through a small incision. See an experienced physician if the problem reoccurs, or it is frequent. Malignant lumps are usually those that change colors and sizes and produce pain. Also, they cannot be moved and they require immediate diagnose and treatment, due to the potential seriousness of the problem.

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