A lot of people do not know that sternum is actually a breastbone. It is a long and flat bone located in the chest. Breastbone is made up of three main bone segments which are known as manubrium, which is the upper portion and triangular in shape, corpus, which is the body, and the xiphoid process, which is the tail. A person who experiences lower breastbone pain experiences it due to the pain that the lower part or the xiphoid process that exhibits it. Pain in this particular region can be caused by some complications in the heart, gallbladder or bone. People who suffer from pain in this region know that it is quite annoying and discomforting. Certain simple tasks like lifting some objects or bending are restricted because of the pain in the lower breastbone. In some cases the pain is concentrated in one location but in other cases it can spread across the rest of the sternum.
Causes of pain under lower sternum
There is no one cause of sternum pain and there are lots of different factors that contribute to the pain. Most common and obvious signs and symptoms are pain, discomfort and a certain feeling of tenderness in that particular region. Apart from these, a person may also experience an unpleasant sensation in the upper abdominal area. There are several causes that occur in most cases of pain under lower sternum cases. Indigestion or heartburn can cause pain in this region and it occurs in a lot of cases. In some cases, the pain is caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. Esophagitis is also known to cause pain in this area. This particular pain occurs when there is an inflammation or irritation in the inner lining of the esophagus. If a person has strained a pectoral muscle, he or she will most likely experience breastbone pain. There are various ways a person can strain his or her muscle. Deep breathing and heavy exercises are only some of the causes. A person may also experience pain because of breastbone fracture. However, these situations are really rare. The pain in the breastbone may be a sign of some respiratory disorder like asthma, bronchitis or tracheitis for instance.
Treating lower sternum pain
Before starting the treatment, it is essential that the real cause is discovered and a proper diagnose is made. In cases of muscle strain, people should apply hot or cold compresses. Antibiotics are used when a person is suffering from an infection or a respiratory disorder.