People with monocular vision have their sight in one eye only. This does not have to affect their working ability, but from time to time, it has to be evaluated by a rehabilitation worker. He can offer further assistance that would be useful for someone with monocular vision. Beside the professional assistance, the people in the surrounding can help a person with monocular vision in day-to-day situations.
Light assists with depth perception, so lights that provide shadows for objects will give a better perception to people with monocular vision. In addition, the contrast of the objects is very important for perception and it would be recommendable to use fluorescent and contrasting colors. Surfaces and textures must differ so the people can find the way using the palm of the hand. Changes in textures underfoot can also have a good effect. Position the items on the side of their ‘good eye’, so they could be easily seen and keep the noise level to a minimum to help them concentrate better. If people with monocular vision have perceptual difficulties, help them adjust to their workspace. Encourage them to use both hands when working, use aids such as magnifiers, use activities, and games that can improve their depth perception. If someone with monocular vision is a wheelchair user, make sure that the wheelchair is positioned in the most efficient way.
Moving around the workspace has to be easily achieved. Proper marking will contribute to it (safeguards, landmarks, road crossings). Again, encourage them to use both hands in making the contact with doorways and corridors.
Self-care tasks will improve their self-confidence. Ordinary activities can be hard for them, so help them do it more easily, by adjusting their environment for them.
When sitting next to the people with monocular vision, be sure that you are sitting on their ‘good side’. Gain their attention and maintain it. Address them directly and always try to be in their field of vision.
Losing the sight in one eye can be very frustrating, so the emotional support is essential. In such cases, people have to be given time to adjust to the new circumstances. Be as supportive as you can and be patient with them. Adjust their environment and encourage them to learn new skills. Help them be organized, and, above all, be patient with them.
When a person loses sight in one eye, it is likely that there will be certain difficulties, especially in the beginning. However, the right approach can give excellent results. If given time and support, such a person will adjust and may even feel positive about this change.