Our brain is the most complex organ in our body, consisting of cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem and the limbic system. Packed with an incredible number of up to 100 billion neurons, our brain is responsible for almost everything we do, from our actions to our thoughts.
The Power of Our Brain
Without our brain we would not be capable of lifting a pin, let alone deal with some complex actions such as calculation, memorizing etc. However, our brain has supreme organization which allows it to carry out all these actions perfectly. Basically, it is divided into lobes. The frontal, occipital, parietal and temporal lobes are all in charge of different processes that our brain carries out.
The Lobes and Their Purposes
The frontal lobe of our brain is in charge of cognitive thinking, which is a mental procedure which shapes who we are. This part of our brain becomes fully developed around the age of 25, making us cognitively mature. The frontal lobe of our brain is prone to getting injured due to its position in front of the central cranium.
Furthermore, the frontal lobe is divided into two parts, the anterior which deals with cognitive processes and the posterior which runs our motor processes, allowing us to control our movements. Also, this part of our brain participates in our reasoning, planning, sex drive, thought organization, judging, emotions and problem-solving too.
The parietal lobe is separated from the frontal lobe by the central sulcus, while the parieto-occipital sulcus divides it from the occipital lobe. Also, the lateral sulcus keeps this part of the brain separated from the temporal lobe. The parietal lobe is responsible for receiving sensory information and reacting to it. Thus, it is in charge of our movement, coordination, spatial orientation, speech, vision, sensations and cognition.
The smallest lobe of all four is the occipital lobe, found in the rear part of our skull, safe from injuries. When injuries to this lobe do occur, they mainly affect our vision. Additionally, movement and color recognition are also parts of the function of this brain lobe.
Double Temporal Lobe
Finally, a double temporal lobe makes the final one, located on both sides of our brain, somewhere at the ear level. These lobes deal with our hearing perception processes as well as our smelling. Also, this part influences memory and speech.
All in all, these are the parts our brain is made of. All of these have special assignments they carry out, allowing us to experience life and existence the way we do.