In the following text, we will try to list several tongue diseases, mostly those that are the most common ones, since the whole list is very long and could not be a part of one article. There are many diseases, as we have said and they can be caused by bad dental hygiene, inheritance or chewing tobacco. The problem may expand to the mouth, lips, palate and other regions. The most commonly experienced problems associated with tongue diseases are discoloration, soreness, pain, redness and swelling.
The List of Tongue Diseases
White spots on the mucus membrane located in the mouth suggests a problem called leukoplakia. This problem may also affect gums and it is created due to chewing tobacco and smoking. Leukoplakia is a very benign problem, but if it is not treated, it can lead to cancer. Next disease is the oral candidiasis. Candida albicans is a fungus, which causes this condition. In some cases it may be created due the candida tropicalis or candida glabrata, but this rarely happens. This infection may be found on other areas of the body. Oral candidiasis is an infection created on the mucus membrane of the mouth. When the problem is present, a lot of discomfort is experienced. The problem creates deposits, usually cream colored or thick white, on the tongue's surface. Also, the tongue may be a bit red in color. In most of the cases, anti-fungal drugs used as mouthwash will eliminate the problem, but in some cases the drugs have to be inserted intravenously. The disease called keratosis pharynges is a common problem when keratin grows at the pharynx. Keratin is the nail or hair protein. The problems experienced during this disease are swallowing problems and back throat pain. Unfortunately, the cure has not yet been discovered.
Glossitis is a tongue inflammation and it is accompanied by smoothing of the tongue, discoloration and swelling. This disease can be created due to the genetic predisposition, malnutrition, allergic reaction, deficiency of vitamin B or iron, tongue piercing, mechanical irritants, poor hydration, bacterial infection and viral infection. The treatment involves elimination of the inflammation. With the drugs such as corticosteroids swelling and redness may be decreased. The incomplete development of the tongue is associated with hypoglossia. This rare disease can occur along with other problems or on its own, and one of the most commonly accompanying problems is oromandibular limb hypogenesis syndrome. This problem is created due to genetic abnormality. The problem must be diagnosed, and for this, blood tests and examination must be conducted. They will help in determining the nutrients lacking in the body, but the elimination of the problem may not last long. Sure way of eliminating the tongue disorders completely is to make the immune system strong with a help from the healthy nutrition.