VulvodyniaVulvodynia is a condition characterized by chronic pain of the vulva (opening of the vagina). Other symptoms of vulvodynia may include itchiness, burning sensation, throbbing, stinging or soreness. The pain or other symptoms may worsen during intercourse or after sitting for a long time. Typically, vulvodynia does not involve any physical changes, such as swelling or changes on the skin on the vulva. The cause of vulvodynia is not known in most cases. Vulvodynia may be a consequence of an injury, damage of the nerves in the genital area, previous infections of the vagina or allergies. Vulvodynia is not contagious and it is not considered to be a dangerous condition.
TreatmentThere is no particular treatment for vulvodynia which can be applied in each case and every woman receives the treatment according to the severity of the condition. The treatment involves easing the pain and other symptoms. Some medications can relieve the pain and reduce itchiness of the vulva. There are also topical creams or ointments which can reduce the symptoms. Other treatment options may include biofeedback therapy or acupuncture. Biofeedback therapy can help you control the pain by relaxing the muscles of the pelvis. Acupuncture may provide relief from the pain, but it will not provide long-term solution for vulvodynia. In case the pain was localized in the particular spot of the vulva, surgery can be performed to remove the affected or damaged skin or tissue.
Home RemediesThere are various home remedies which can help you reduce and prevent the pain, itchiness and other symptoms of vulvodynia. You can apply cold compressions on your genital area to ease the itchiness. In case of painful intercourse, you can try some lubricants which will make the penetration easier and less painful.
PreventionTo avoid irritation and itchiness of the skin, do not wear synthetic underwear or too tight pantyhose. You should wear cotton underwear because it will keep your genital area clean and dry. Hot tubs and excessive washing of the genital area may cause irritation and itchiness of the skin. It is recommended to avoid being in a hot tub for a long time, and wash the genital area with plain water. Keep it clean and dry, and you can apply some topical cream or ointment after cleaning and drying the area. IF you know what causes pain and discomfort, try to avoid those triggers. Physical activity is important for your overall health, but avoid cycling because it causes pressure on the vulva.