More about rosacea
Rosacea is the medical term for the chronic inflammatorydisease of the skin, which occurs in adults. The results of rosacea are facial rednessand the appearance of small red bumps or pustules that are filed with puss. This disease does not have a cure, but it mustbe treated to control and decrease the symptoms, because rosacea is aprogressive disorder, and can be worse over time. The most frequent signs of rosacea are rednesson the face and red bumps or pustules on nose, cheeks, forehead and chin. Moreover,red and bulbous nose, as well as small blood vessels that are seen on the face, may also occur. Ocular rosacea is the burning feeling in the eyes and it usuallyhappens as one of the symptoms of rosacea.
There are three stages of the appearance ofrosacea: pre-rosacea, vascular rosacea and inflammatory rosacea. The cause of rosacea is not yet discovered, butthere are indications that it occurs as a result of some hereditary andenvironmental factors. There are some factors that can worsen rosacea, such as alcohol,spicy or hot foods, extreme temperatures and sunlight. Furthermore, corticosteroids,hot baths, saunas and strenuous exercises can also aggravate this condition. Stress andanger, as well as some blood pressure medications, are also some of the factorsthat worsen it.
Treatment of rosacea
When the symptoms are noticed, it is importantto visit a dermatologist. Although there is no one specific cure,rosacea must be treated on time. The dermatologists usually prescribe somemedications and recommend some lifestyle changes of the patients. Somemoisturizers and soups for the better appearance of the skin are usuallyadvisable. To treat rosacea, the doctors often prescribethe combination of topical drugs and oral antibiotics. Topical medications are used to decrease theredness and inflammation of the skin, and they are usually applied once or twice aday. The most common topical medications are metronidazole, tretinoin, benzoylperoxide, sodium sulfacetamide and azelaic acid. These topical medications mustbe used along with certain antibiotics.
In order to reduce the inflammation of theskin, the dermatologists usually prescribe antibiotics, though they do not killbacteria. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics are tetracycline, minocyclineand erythromycin. In the cases when rosacea is severe, isotretinoinis recommended, because it is an effective oral drug that reduces theproduction of the oil of the sebaceous glands. This medicine is usually givento the patients with cystic acnes and phymatous rosacea. Ocular rosacea is treated with oralantibiotics and steroid eye drops. Sometimes, when rosacea is persistent and permanent,surgery is recommended. Laser surgery and elecrtosurgery are performed in orderto reduce the visible blood vessels, or to remove some tissue buildups and tomake the whole appearance much better.