Paranoia is a psychiatriccondition where person has some psychotic beliefs so-called delusions and thesymptoms such as hallucinations are not present. The most common signs of paranoiaare delusions which last longer than delusions in schizophrenia. Paranoiadevelops slowly, and over time, the person becomes isolated, untrusting,envious, easily agitated and emotional. The patient is not able to see clearlythat he is wrong. The newest classification of psychiatric disorders so-calledDSM-IV says that the main signs of paranoia include preoccupancy with suspectswithout any reason about people that are close baseless thoughts that otherpeople want to harm them in some way strange comprehension of some socialsituations as if everybody has something against them; and groundless doubtsabout partner’s faithfulness.
We recognize different types ofparanoia. One of them is persecutory paranoia which is very common and herethe patient is convinced that everybody wants to hurt them, but the delusioncan go so far that a person may think that someone wants to kill them. Whenthis paranoia is present, we can say that a patient can become violent and lifethreatening for other people. There is also Delusion of Grandeur followed by apersons belief that they are very important, chosen to do something, orextremely capable and with super powers. It is often combined with the previousparanoia. There are also religious, reformatory, erotic, litigious and hypochondricalparanoia.
There are various reasons for thedevelopment of paranoia, and one of them is homosexual fixation, explained byFreud, which implies that a person is homosexually oriented and for some reasonthis affection towards the same sex is suppressed. This kind of explanationworks in practice, though not always. Other reasons include feelings ofinferiority which are turned over in paranoia. Then there are personalitytraits that make a person who has them more vulnerable to this kind ofdisorder. Of course there is a genetic factor that may also be responsible forparanoia.
The treatment of this disorder isextremely hard. It should be treated as fast as possible, because later it canbe too late. The most effective way of the treatment is psychoanalysis andthough it can show no progress at the beginning because of the patientsmistrust later on it can be effective. There are also treatments consisting ofinsulin shots, though not every person reacts to this. Paranoia is unfortunatelyusually a condition that is long lasting and never completely healed. However psychotherapy proper medicine care and even yoga can help person to cope withparanoia.