We will discuss about one of the oldest and most popular treatmentconcepts in psychiatry. The psychoanalysis can be called talking cure ortalking therapy. These names are derived due to the fact that this kind oftreatment relies on the verbal communication between the patient and thetherapist. The fact remains that talking about problems can relive the straincaused by these problems and this is what psychoanalytic therapy is based on.Many mental disorders are cured with the help of this therapy, developed bySigmund Freud.
Human development and human mentation is described by the term psychoanalysisor psychoanalytic therapy. They are used to detect the feelings and thoughtsthat influence the person's behavior. It is crucial to detect these factorsand treat them, since they may lead to neuroses. The human psychologicalbehavior and functioning and using them for treatment are what interest thepsychoanalysis. Modern psychoanalysis, inter-subjective psychoanalysis,interpersonal psychoanalysis, self-psychology, object relations therapy,conflict theory, ego psychology and topographic are some theories that areincluded in the psychotherapy. This theory was developed in the 1890s by theSigmund Freud, who was an Austrian neurologist.
The human behavior and mind investigation can be done with the help frompsychoanalysis and this is something that most therapists are doing. Emotional andpsychological illnesses are mostly examined by this therapy. They are based onthe thoughts, unconscious feelings and events from the childhood. There aretopics the patient discusses about with the therapist and some of them arefantasies, dreams, feelings and thoughts responsible for the development ofmental problems. The problem is also created due to the unconscious conflictsand this is something the therapist will show to the patient and hopefullyunderstand the problem. Borderline personality disorder, anxiety disorder andother problems may be treated with the help from the psychoanalytical therapy.
The fact stands that there are a lot of people who will hide some informationfrom the therapist and this is one of the basis of criticism associated withthis theory. Also, since people who come to the therapist think that they donot have problems, they willingly restrain from telling important information. Also,this therapy is based on ambiguities of data, it is expensive, lasts long andlacks of empirical evidences. Although the chairs are used now and the frequency of the visits isreduced, the effectiveness remains the same. But we cannot disregard that manystudies have acclaimed the effectiveness of this therapy and many therapists aswell.