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Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by multiplying bacteria between the teeth. Irregular dental hygiene causes a deposition of food particles on them. Bacteria feed on these particles while they are still soft, causing inflammation of the gums. After some time these particles harden creating plaque that remains on the teeth. If gingivitis isn’t treated immediately, it can turn into a chronic condition and cause serious health problems.

The main culprit for development of this disease is bacteria. Since the mouth is a warm and humid place that is several times a day supplied with food, it is an ideal environment for rapid multiplication of bacteria which, in addition to inflammation of the gums and teeth, very adversely affect the immune system. In addition to bacterial infection, the gums may bleed due to use of certain medications, hormonal changes during pregnancy and poor nutrition.

Gingivitis is manifested as inflamed, painful and swollen gums that may bleed during brushing teeth and eating. These gums have a very unpleasant look, smell and taste, causing many inconveniences for the person who suffers from gingivitis. Also, the color and structure of the stronger gums that binding teeth changes as a consequence of spreading bacteria in the mouth. They get a reddish appearance.

The best method in treating gingivitis is its prevention. Preventing the development of bacteria in the mouth means maintaining regular dental hygiene and cleaning teeth periodically from accumulated plaque on them. In addition, one can prepare a simple home remedy for mouth rinse to reduce inflammation. It is enough to mix only a pinch of salt and lukewarm water and rinse with it in the oral cavity. In addition, it is desirable to rub a little oil of clove to the inflammed gums. Also, instead of oil, raw clove can be used by chewing to free its liquid which affects the infected gums. This home remedy is proven in reducing inflammation, swelling, pain and bleeding gums.

In order to alleviate the symptoms of gingivitis, it is recommended to rinse mouth with antibacterial mouthwash several times a day. Also, it is necessary to use a toothpaste containing oils of mint and sage, which represents the ideal combination for relieving sore and bleeding gums. In addition to the direct application of different preparations on the gums, it is necessary to comply with certain feeding regimes, which means avoiding saturated fats in order to reduce swelling of the gums.

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