Types of cough headaches and the main symptoms
Headache on coughing is a characteristic kind of headaches caused by coughing or because of some kind of straining. Therefore, this kind of headache may be the result of laughing, crying, sneezing, and singing as well as bending and having a bowel movement. Cough headaches can be classified into two groups: primary cough headaches, which are not very serious, and secondary cough headaches, which are grave and which must be treated, sometimes even with the surgery. Primary cough headaches usually occur in men after their forty years, while secondary cough headaches appear frequently before a person turns forty years.
Cough headaches have their characteristic symptoms. They usually occur sudden after or with coughing, or with some other kind of straining, and they usually last very short, up to a few minutes. Those lasting about 30 minutes are rare. The pain that they cause is sharp, stabbing or splitting, and occurs in the both sides of head and in the back of head. Sometimes, a long-lasting dull pain can follow primary cough headaches. Secondary cough headaches have the same symptoms as primary cough headaches, but they are more severe and they lasts more, sometimes they last for several days. When a person experiences some of the symptoms that are mentioned above, it is important to visit a doctor, especially if these symptoms are accompanied with blurred or double vision and imbalance.
Causes of cough headaches
Although the chief cause for primary cough headaches is not established yet, intracranial pressure, which is the increased pressure in the head that occurs as the consequence of coughing or other kind of straining, may be the cause for the appearing of primary cough headaches. Secondary cough headaches are caused either by a defect in the skull shape, or by a defect in the cerebellum configuration. Brain tumor can also be responsible for the occurrence of this type of cough headaches.
Treatment of cough headaches
In the treatment of primary cough headaches, the physician usually prescribes certain medications to relieve the pain, such as Indomethacin, an anti-inflammatory drug, or Acetazolamide, a diuretic that is effective in the decreasing of the production of spinal fluid. Lumbar puncture or spinal tap is a procedure in which the fluid that surrounds your brain and spinal cord is removed in order to decrease the pressure in the skull. This kind of treatment is rarely performed, but is also recommended. For the curing of secondary cough headache, a surgery is usually necessary.