High blood pressure
High blood pressure is also called hypertension. This condition is a verycharacteristic because a person can have it and be unaware of it. Sometimes, thesymptoms do not even appear. It is important to consult the doctor when hypertensionis noticed. The treatment of high blood pressure is important, in order to avoidsome serious complications that hypertension can cause such as heart attack andstroke, because in this condition, the heart pumps the blood harder and that cancause the weakness of the heart.
To establish hypertension, the amount of pumped blood and the level of arteryresistance to blood flow are measured. The high blood pressure occurs when theheart pumps too much blood and when the arteries are very narrow. Hypertension is the condition that may affect everyone, but it canbe successfully treated. The main symptoms of high blood pressure, when they appear are headaches,dizziness, and nosebleeds. Usually, all these signs happen only when the highblood pressure is in the progressed phase, which is why regular checkups of hypertension are recommended. When a person reaches 20years, it is advisable to measure blood pressure every two years.
Causes of high blood pressure
The causes for hypertension are not still completely established. But, somecondition may lead to this state of blood pressure. These conditions aresmoking, obesity, physical inactivity, and alcohol consummation, as well as stressand salty foods. Hypertension can also be inherited, and it can be primary or secondary. Primary or essential high blood pressure is marked by an unidentified cause.This kind of hypertension is more frequent then secondary hypertension, it usuallyoccurs in adults, and develops gradually over many years. Secondary hypertension occurs suddenly and is induced by one specific cause.It is not so frequent and the blood pressure is higher than it is the case of essential hypertension. Secondary high blood pressure can be caused by somemedical condition, or by some medications, but it can also be caused by kidney irregularities and abnormalities, as well as tumors of the adrenal gland. Furthermore, some congenital heartsdefects and problems can lead to this kind of high blood pressure.
Of medications, contraceptive pills, cold drugs, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescribed drugs maysometimes be the main reasons why secondary hypertension appears. Moreover, illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines, for example, are also some of thereasons for the secondary hypertension occurrence.