Basically, all the headaches can be generalized when the whole head hurts and when the pain is localized. Headache in the back of the head belongs to a group of localized headaches. The pain can vary in the intensity and there are numerous causes of this condition.
Everyone has experienced headache at least once in life time. Many people let the pain go away on its own while others tend to take some painkillers. People do not pay much attention to headaches unless they repeat or are extremely intensive. In both of these cases people should take headaches seriously and visit their doctors as this symptom may point to the presence of some serious medical conditions.
Severe Headaches in the Back of the Head
Pain in this part of the head can be a sign of some serious health condition. Therefore it has to be taken seriously. These headaches are also known as tension headaches. Tension headaches usually increase in intensity after certain period of time. They can even interfere in regular activities and duties one is trying to perform.
Headaches in the back of the head also affect upper part of the neck and the pain usually increases once the person tries to move his/her neck. The pain may come and go.
Causes of Headaches in the Back of the Head
The real cause of headaches in the back of the head has not been established yet. Some say that these, tension headaches, develop as a consequence of muscle spasms. Muscle of the upper part of the neck can be responsible for this type of headache.
Experts believe that there are additional possible causes of these headaches. Mental stress, depression and chronic tension as well as anxiety can lead to tension headaches.
Some migraines can affect the back of the neck. Jaw clenching can be another cause of tension headaches.
If one maintains the same head position for a longer period of time he/ she increases risk of tension headaches. Working on the computer is only one example of prolonged fixed body postures.
Lack of exercise together with bad posture may consequently lead to headache in the back of the head.
This condition is potentially hereditary. And finally, people who are suffering from sinus infections or those who have to deal with cluster headaches may feel pain in the back of the head.
Treatment of Headaches of the Back of the Head
The pain can be easily relieved with certain medications. Painkillers such as ibuprofen or Aspirin can be rather helpful. The relief from pain is only transient and the headache can occur within days. The best option is prevention. Coping with everyday stress and exercises can reduce the pain.