Skin cancer is a malignant disease that can affect anyone. All skin types are susceptible to the development of skin cancer, although the people with fair skin, light hair and light eyes are at the highest risk. It is very important to know what type of skin we have and according to that choose the best way how to protect it from the external factors, such as potentially damaging rays. It is extremely important always to protect the skin when we are exposed to the sun, especially in the summer.
Every person should have the skin checked for the cancer at least once in a year. However, the best time to check the skin is before going to a holiday at summer, because we can get recommendation from the doctor about the best skin protection according to the type and condition of our skin. Skin cancer can appear everywhere on the body; for example, it can appear on the eyelid, or between the toes. Sometimes, it can be flat and colorless and very difficult to be noticed. Therefore, a regular check-up is extremely important. In summer, it is very important to apply the creams or lotions for the protection of the sunrays every day.
Types of skin cancerBasal cell carcinoma is a type of skin cancer that occurs in the majority of cases when the skin cancers are in the question. This kind of skin cancer usually appears on the face, ears, neck and scalp, as well as on the shoulders and back, because these areas are the most exposed to the sunlight. The most common symptoms of basal cell carcinoma are an open sore that has rolled borders and a reddish scaly patch. Furthermore, a reddish-brown or pearly translucent bump or growth and a scar-like growth may also appear.Another type of skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. This skin cancer also affects the areas on the body that are most exposed to the sunlight. One of the early sings of this skin cancer is its presence on the lips and in the mouth.Actinic keratosis usually appears before squamous cell carcinoma, and if it is not treated, it usually develops into squamous cell carcinoma. Actinic keratosis may be of different color, such as red, brown, gray, or white. Their texture is slightly rough.Malignant melanoma is the most serious of all skin cancers, because it can be fatal if it is not diagnosed and treated in the early stages of its development.