Erectile dysfunction, also known as male impotence, is an inability of a man to achieve and sustain erection sufficient enough for sexual intercourse. It is normal if a men experiences such problem every now and then. However, if the condition persists and repeats frequently, it may lead to frustration, lack of self-esteem and many other psychological issues.
Erectile Dysfunction Underlying Causes
All underlying causes of this disorder are simply classified into physical and psychological. As for physical conditions associated with erectile dysfunction the most common ones are heart disease, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, different metabolic syndromes, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis and Peyronie's disease. Furthermore, men with low testosterone, those taking some medications, smokers, alcohol and other substance abusers as well as men who have undergone surgery in the affected area may develop the problem too.
Psychological issues and conditions associated with erectile dysfunction include depression, anxiety, stress, fatigue, different problems such as relationships problems, problems with communications etc.
Erectile Dysfunction Treatment Options
Prior starting with treatment for erectile dysfunction it is essential to identify the underlying problem.
There are many different approaches when it comes to this disorder. While some men may significantly benefit from a variety of medications, others need to undergo invasive treatments such as penis implants or blood vessel surgery.
Erectile Dysfunction Medications
There are three highly efficient drugs for erectile function, sildenafil, tadalafil and vardenafil. They actually all act similarly and desirable erection is achieved with relaxation of muscles in the penis and increased blood flow to the organ.
The doctor chooses the dose of the drug and informs patients when the medications is supposed to be taken. Furthermore, the doctor will take into consideration additional medical conditions the patient is suffering from. This is essential because people with certain illnesses may be strictly forbidden to use such medications or may take only small doses of the prescribed drug. The restriction predominantly refers to people who take nitrate drugs for angina, anticoagulants, those suffering from heart disease and heart failure, patients who have had a stroke and patients with uncontrolled hypertension or diabetes.
Additional medicamentous treatments include alprostadil self-injections, alprostadil penile suppository and testosterone replacement therapy.
Erectile Dysfunction Aids and Surgical Approach
A penis pump is a powerful device that creates a vacuum once it is placed over the organ. A penis pump drives the blood into the penis. This is a non-invasive way for a man to achieve erection.
Penile implants are aids implanted into the penis and the scrotum. They are usually the last resort treatment for individuals who have failed to achieve erection any other way.
In rare cases men undergo blood vessel surgery that corrects leaking blood vessels responsible for the condition.
Finally, psychological counseling may help men in whom erectile dysfunction originates from anxiety, stress and other psychological problems.