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Effects of overuse of antibiotics

Antibiotics were put in use during the 1940s and since then they have been widely used all over the world. They keep bacteria that cause infections from spreading and endangering our health. The discovery of antibiotics has greatly improved health maintenance and gave us an ideal solution for curing infections. Before the era of antibiotics started, a lot of  people were dying due to different infections. However, these days a great number of people use antibiotics excessively and that can have negative impact on the general health. This has been proven even in the experiments that were performed on animals. If someone takes antibiotics too often, he or she will be at higher risk to make bacteria immune to the medicine in question. High percentage of all infections, to be more precise about 60% of them are cured with the help of antibiotics and that is the reason why they are not effective later on. Also, if animals are treated with antibiotics, bacteria can become resistant to them. When people eat meat that is row or, not cooked enough, these bacteria can enter human body and make problems.

What can excessive usage of antibiotics cause?

As we have said, bacteria can become immune to antibiotics if they are used too often, which means that the medicine will have no effect on bacteria and they will be able to grow and harm your body even more. There are some others medicines that can be prescribed, especially for kids, because kids are prone to adverse effects of antibiotics such as discomfort in belly and frequent bowel movements. Overuse of antibiotics can cause infections of intestines. Bacteria are becoming more immune to antibiotics and that makes them harder to destroy. Because of that, we need stronger antibiotics to deal with the harmful bacteria. It was proven that earlier antibiotics were very efficient for treating infections, but today the situation has changed. That is why certain infections are very hard to treat such as sinusitis, inflammation of the meninges, infection of the ear or pneumonia.

How to use antibiotics properly?

When you have flu, cold or similar mild infection, you shouldn’t use antibiotics, because you can treat these conditions in a different way. It is important to continue with the usage of antibiotics exactly as the doctor told you, if you have already started using them. If you stop using them before the doctor tells you to, the bacteria can grow and spread. If bacteria became resistant to antibiotics, than the treatment of the infection can be very hard and expensive. Also, it is important to know that there is no need for antibiotics when your infection is caused by a virus.

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