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High blood sugar

Diabetes is a chronic disorder that occurs when human body stops producing enough hormones called insulin, and as a result, blood sugar level gets elevated. There are various types of diabetes, and most common are type 1 and 2. Level of blood sugar depends of the way you live exercise, eat, take medication for other disease, smoke or drink and in the stress.

High blood sugar, also known as hyperglycemia, it can happen for various reasons, including overeating or not taking you daily diabetes medication. The symptoms are thirst, dry mouth, blurred vision, fatigue, frequent urinating, etc. You should regularly take your medications and check your blood sugar level. There are many over the counter blood sugar level kits that are easy to use. If in doubt consult your doctor for recommendations.

Complication of high blood sugar

Gum diseaseGum disease is also called periodontal disease. People with hyperglycemia are more prone to have this kind of problems because of their disorder, they have less saliva and more plaque all of this as consequences of hyperglycemia. Maintain regularly your oral hygiene and monitoring of your blood sugar level should help you to prevent these possible complications of hyperglycemia.

Blood vessels and heart diseasesHigher risk of having blood vessels and heart diseases complications, when you have diabetes or hyperglycemia is an established fact. These problems are called cardiovascular diseases, and some of them may be blockage of veins on your feet and legs, heart attack, stroke etc. In order to prevent these hyperglycemia complications to occur, you should keep your blood sugar in control watch your weight and introduce a healthy diet.

Foot problemsBecause hyperglycemia diminishes blood flow to some outer parts of your body you can develop foot problems after years of having diabetes. In order to prevent this, you must wear only comfortable shoes keeps good care of your feet and maintain good hygiene of your feet. If you notice any sign of problems on your legs or feet, you must contact your doctor immediately.

Eye problemsLong lasting hyperglycemia, especially if not treated properly can lead to cataract (clouding or thickening of the eye lens) or retinopathy (abnormal changes in the retina or the back of the eye). You should take usual precautions in order not to develop this kind of problems.

Kidney diseaseIn order to avoid such diseases you should eat fewer proteins, monitor regularly your blood sugar level watch your high blood pressure and quit smoking.

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