Endometrial ablation is a surgical procedure used for treating heavy periods which can be enhanced the risk of getting anemia (reduced amount of red blood cells). Endometrial ablation is performed if other treatments such as taking medications or an intra-uterine system that have not shown positive results and reduces the bleeding. This procedure can affect fertility and it is not advised for the women who are planning of having children. Women who have growths in the womb should not consider endometrial ablation.
If endometrial ablation is the best option for you, then your doctor will inform you about the procedure and recommend the necessary precautions. Women who smoke are prone to get a wound infection which would prolong the recovery. You may have to take some medications (orally or in an injection) in order to thin the womb lining. Your doctor will recommend the best choice for anesthesia, because endometrial ablation can be performed under total anesthesia or local anesthesia which is given into the cervix. Before the procedure of your blood, the urine and the blood pressure will be tested. You will also have to sign a consent form, which is a common thing in hospitals. In some cases, you will be advised to put compression stockings which are useful in preventing the blood clot in the leg.
Endometrial ablation generally lasts for 30 minutes. A surgical instrument is slide through the cervix to the womb and the womb lining are removed. The womb lining can be removed with a low voltage current, laser, heated fluid or microwaves.
After the surgery you will stay in the hospital until you are ready to go home. You will need some time to recover from anesthesia and you will be probably be given some painkillers after the effect of anesthesia weakens. You should put some sanitary towels because you will have the bleeding. You should not drive a car after leaving hospital. It would be good for you to have someone to be with you for the first 24 hours.
After some time if you still have pain, you should take some painkillers. If you had total anesthesia, your may feel dizzy and your reasoning skills can be affected. In this case you must not drive, consume alcohol, sign any legal documents or do operate equipment which can hurt you or the others around you. Avoid tampons for at least a month because they can cause an infection.
Some of the complications of endometrial ablation may include severe pain, fever, heavy bleeding and vaginal discharge. In rare cases the womb can get infected which is treatable with antibiotics. Rarely there can be damage to the womb or cervix which must be surgically repaired.