Muscle spasms may be acute and they can also be in a chronic form. If spasms become chronic they may cause pain and interfere in every day activities. Muscle spasms generally occur due to overuse of the muscles or they are associated with muscle tear and strain. Every muscle in the body can be affected by spasm. People who have to deal with chronic muscle spasms are advised to consult a doctor in order to receive proper treatment. The underlying cause of chronic muscle spasms must be identified.
Common Causes of Chronic Muscle Spasms
As it has already been mentioned chronic muscle spasms are most commonly associated with overuse of the muscles. Strenuous and uncontrollable exercises can exhaust muscles and this can eventually lead to inability of the affected muscle to contract and relax properly.
Another common cause of chronic muscle spasms is atherosclerosis. In atherosclerosis the muscles are simply not well supplied with oxygen and other nutrients due to narrowing of the blood vessels.
Chronic muscle spasms is also a characteristic for certain illnesses such as diabetes, anemia and multiple sclerosis. In diabetes the person suffers from improper circulation which affects many organs, including muscles. Anemia, the state of a low amount of hemoglobin, hinders the transfer of oxygen. If muscles do not get adequate amount of oxygen, spasms occur. And finally, in multiple sclerosis there is a damage to the nerves which innervate specific muscles. Damage to the nerves may lead to the occurrence of spasms.
Dystonia is a neurological condition, where you suffer from sustained muscle contractions and subsequent twisting and repetitive movements and abnormal posture. You can also have chronic muscle spasms.
It is estimated that chronic muscle spasms most commonly occur in a form of lower back. This problem is induced by overworking low back muscles.
Treatment for Muscle Spasms
Chronic muscle spasms generally lead to muscle soreness and pain. In majority of cases one is recommended to have plenty of rest. The rest is not supposed to last longer than a few days.
One may deal with muscle spasm by increasing a certain routine gradually. Furthermore, if one's physical activity leads to muscle spasms, it can be replaced with an easier activity. In people who have already suffered from muscle spasms there is an increased chance for spasms to reoccur. To prevent recurrence of muscle spasm one may perform simple exercises such as stretching in order to increase the flexibility and elasticity of the joints and muscles.
The affected muscle can be wrapped in a comfortable bandage. This can successfully prevent internal muscular bleeding and the onset of repeated series of muscle spasms. And finally, there is one more way how to deal with muscle spasms. It includes relaxation techniques. Massage, heat therapies and cold compresses are not supposed to be applied during the very attack of muscle spasm. They may be applied only after the spasms have subsided.