Laryngitis is the term used forthe inflammation of the local box which is commonly known as larynx. Thisinflammation usually occurs as a result of some infections, irritations oroveruse. Vocal cords that produce the sounds are located in the larynx. Whenlaryngitis occurs, they are inflamed and because of that the sounds aredistorted and the voice is hoarse. In some severe cases of laryngitis it is impossibleeven to hear the voice. Laryngitis can be acute and chronic. Acutelaryngitis is usually caused by some viral infection, does not last long and isnot very serious, while the chronic laryngitis is serious because it can leadto some serious complications, if it is not treated on time.
Usually a simple cold can be acause for the appearance of laryngitis. There are several symptoms that warn usabout laryngitis and they include hoarseness, weak voice, voice loss, sorethroat, as well as dry throat and dry cough. These kinds of symptoms can betreated without medical help and with taking in lot of fluids in order toprevent dehydration. But if these symptoms prolong for more than three weeks,in that case it is advisable to visit a doctor because acute laryngitis becomeschronic. Acute laryngitis can be cured in several ways. It is advisable toinhale humidified and moist air, which successfully clears some secretions.Furthermore, avoiding speaking and whispering and smoking is also recommended.Moistening of throat, avoiding coffee and alcohol, and avoiding ofdecongestant, all of which dry out the throat, may also ease and alleviate theacute laryngitis.
In some cases, when laryngitis iscaused by some bacterial infection, antibiotics can help in curing laryngitiseffectively. Using antibiotics when laryngitis appears as a result of someviral infection is without any effect. When the chronic laryngitis is inquestion, it is recommended to always consult the doctor who will prescribe theproper and adequate medications. If laryngitis must be treated urgentlybecause the healthy voice is needed for some activity, for example, forsinging, delivering an important speech, or when a small child has laryngitisaccompanied with croup, in these cases, treatment with corticosteroids andantihistamines is recommended. Corticosteroids and antihistamines are used todecrease the inflammation of vocal cords. Proton pump inhibitors areagents that are used in cases of severe esophagi is. These agents inhibitgastric acid secretions. The most frequently used proton pump inhibitors areomeprazole, esomeprazole magnesium, and lansoprazole.