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Causes of syndactyly

Fusion of Fingers or Toes

Syndactyly is a condition where a person has two or more fingers or toes fused together. Based on the degree of the fusion, there are more types of this condition. The least complicated is when toes or fingers are connected only with additional portion of skin. Furthermore, they can be completely connected with their halves or their wholes. The most extreme cases involve syndactyly with fingers connected with bones and nails. However, radical this condition may seem, it does not act as an obstruction of any kind nor does it cause any difficulties. A person may run, walk, do sports, or get involved in all the activities other people do, without either advantages or disadvantages of any sort.

Causes of Syndactyly

This condition is caused independently in most cases. However, sometimes it may be connected to certain medical conditions. Regardless, most of the cases of syndactyly take place due to some disorders in the womb. Sometimes, protein imbalance may cause the infants fingers to be webbed together. Presence of toxins or any other unnatural elements or conditions may have this condition as their result. Finally, genetics may play an important role, since one is able to inherit this condition due to certain flaws in the genetic code. It does not depend on the sex of either the parent or the child, and, if a parent has syndactyly, there are 50% chances that the child will have it too.

The Genetic Issue

Genetic studies have shown that this condition can be caused by certain faults in chromosomes related to our development and formation while being fetuses. Also, in most cases, syndactyly involves either the second and the third toe or the third and the forth, making the whole genetic process more explainable. Namely, mutations in certain chromosomes cause this to happen. These chromosomes, as mentioned above, are in charge of correct body formation, concerning limb position and development, etc. Therefore, chromosomes containing some minor mutations, cause syndactyly and, based on the mutation, there are different degrees of this condition as well.

All in all, people with syndactyly should not feel bad about themselves, since this is merely a unique trait of theirs. This condition does not make them less capable than any other people, but, most certainly, it makes them more interesting. Finally, all the people with syndactyly may be happy to know that Hollywood has a decent share of their “brothers in toes.” Namely, Ashton Kutcher and Dan Aykroyd live proud of their syndactyly.

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