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Joint swelling

Swelling of the joints (or joint enlargement) usuallyaffects the hands, feet, and ankles. Patients complain about the stiffness andredness of the joints, and report even severe pain. It could worsen when aperson is standing or walking, and might sometimes cause complete immobility ofthe patient.

The most common cause of the joint swelling is theinflammation of the joints (known as arthritis). Also, joint infections andinjuries might lead to the pain and swelling.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

This is an autoimmune disorder, caused when the immunesystem of a patient attacks the healthy tissue. It is often find in women, 25 to 55 years old.Exact causes of this illness are unknown. It is suspected that geneticpredispositions, hormones and infections might have been associated with thedisorder.

Patients experience the worst pain when getting up from the bedand the attack may last for a couple of weeks. Some people have other symptoms,like fever, loss of appetite, red and inflamed skin and numbness. Patients mightalso have different eye problems and anemia.

It usually affectsthe hands and feet joints. Most patients suffering from finger joints swellingare suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.

The condition must be treated, and it normally lasts for patients’lifetime.

Osteoarthritis

Aging affects the joints and wear them off, so arthritis isvery common illness in the older patients. This form is arthritis affect thecartilage of the bone and is known as osteoarthritis.

Joint Infections

Septic arthritis is a bacterial inflammation of the joint,leading to swollen joints. The untreated condition might provoke structuralchange or complete destruction of the joints, and that’s why this conditionmust be taken care of.

Joint Injuries

An accident or the trauma, such as broken bone, might causejoint swelling. A wound on the outside, on the skin, may enter inside andinflame the joints. Anything more serious than a minor injury of the joint,that lasts for more than one week or causes redness, chills or a fever should be reportedto your doctor.

Your knee joints are prone to joint injuries. Keep them protectedduring the sports activities, to avoid any potential joint problem you mighthave.

Treatment

Usually, the therapy depends on the condition of the patient.Arthritis cases are most likely to be treated with painkillers and sometimescorticosteroids. Corticosteroid drugs (such as Prednisone) are prescriptionmedications, used to prevent any further damage to the joints and ease thepain.

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