Arthritis – Basic Facts
Arthritis is very a common disease all over the world. Thereis also more than 40 million of Americans suffering from this disease at themoment. The prognosis is very gloomy, since the statistics reveal more than 60million of people in the United States will have some form of arthritis by theend of this decade.
The joint is actually a junction of two bones, covered withthe cushion known as cartilage. It is slippery and smooth and because of thatwe can move the joints and our whole body without any friction. Therefore we saythat cartilage possesses protective properties. Arthritis is the diseaseaffecting one or more joints in the human body, which causes inflammation andthe pain of the joints.
Arthritis Causes and Types
When any part of the body gets injured or we are to fightagainst any infection it is normal that our organism will respond withinflammation. In most cases, inflammation includes redness, swelling, warmthand also painful sensations. Inflammation in people suffering from arthritis isusually caused by aging or by some kind of trauma. Another cause of jointinflammation may be caused by an autoimmune process in the body, when a person’s ownimmune system attacks the body and causes tissue damage.
Arthritis is not just one disease, but over 100 differentconditions characterized by joint inflammation and pain in the joints andmuscles and sometimes even affecting the connective tissues as well. The mostcommon forms of arthritis are certainly rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects over 2.5 million of Americansand it is considered to be the most deadly type of this disease. This medicalcondition may bring troubles to people of any age and it usually affects thehands. The first tissue to be affected with rheumatoid arthritis is synoviallining and from there it spread to the joints.
Osteoarthritis is caused by the repetitive work injuries andsome type of trauma, commonly in people over 65 years of age. Joints of the fingers,knees, hips and spine are the most commonly affected parts of the body. Thiscondition may also lead to inflammation and pain in other joints of the body, suchas wrists, ankles, elbows or shoulders. Osteoarthritis affects the cartilageand causes its transformation to structure similar to the bones, which in turncauses bone injuries, stiffness and pain.
What Can You Do?
Arthritis pain may be resolved with some natural means. Peoplesuffering from arthritis find that the use of castor oil or cod liver oil maybe very helpful. Garlic and Ashwagandha are also recommended by many patients.