Arthritis – Basic Facts
Arthritis is very a common disease all over the world. There is also more than 40 million of Americans suffering from this disease at the moment. The prognosis is very gloomy, since the statistics reveal more than 60 million of people in the United States will have some form of arthritis by the end of this decade.
The joint is actually a junction of two bones, covered with the cushion known as cartilage. It is slippery and smooth and because of that we can move the joints and our whole body without any friction. Therefore we say that cartilage possesses protective properties. Arthritis is the disease affecting one or more joints in the human body, which causes inflammation and the pain of the joints.
Arthritis Causes and Types
When any part of the body gets injured or we are to fight against any infection it is normal that our organism will respond with inflammation. In most cases, inflammation includes redness, swelling, warmth and also painful sensations. Inflammation in people suffering from arthritis is usually caused by aging or by some kind of trauma. Another cause of joint inflammation may be caused by an autoimmune process in the body, when a person’s own immune system attacks the body and causes tissue damage.
Arthritis is not just one disease, but over 100 different conditions characterized by joint inflammation and pain in the joints and muscles and sometimes even affecting the connective tissues as well. The most common forms of arthritis are certainly rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects over 2.5 million of Americans and it is considered to be the most deadly type of this disease. This medical condition may bring troubles to people of any age and it usually affects the hands. The first tissue to be affected with rheumatoid arthritis is synovial lining and from there it spread to the joints.
Osteoarthritis is caused by the repetitive work injuries and some type of trauma, commonly in people over 65 years of age. Joints of the fingers, knees, hips and spine are the most commonly affected parts of the body. This condition may also lead to inflammation and pain in other joints of the body, such as wrists, ankles, elbows or shoulders. Osteoarthritis affects the cartilage and causes its transformation to structure similar to the bones, which in turn causes bone injuries, stiffness and pain.
What Can You Do?
Arthritis pain may be resolved with some natural means. People suffering from arthritis find that the use of castor oil or cod liver oil may be very helpful. Garlic and Ashwagandha are also recommended by many patients.