Paranoid schizophrenia is a mental disorder with unusual and bizarre perceptions of reality when a person has hallucinations and makes his or her own delusions. People suffering from paranoid schizophrenia experience various problems but they can think and feel properly and can concentrate well as opposed to some other types of schizophrenia. A person has unusual perceptions with no contact with reality and their delusions and hallucinations are known as positive symptoms.They sometimes have suicidal tendencies so it is essential to prescribe an adequate treatment.
- Making up things and delusions
- A person believes some people conspire against him
- Violent behavior and anger
- Hallucinations, hearing voices
- Absentmindedness and being remote and reserved
Hallucinating voices is unpleasant experience and people suffering from paranoid schizophrenia hear voices that no one hears. These voices can tell them what to do, criticize and verbally molest them. The voices seems real so people can talk to them discuss things and shout at them.
People with paranoid schizophrenia do not recognize that they have a problem because their delusions and hallucinations appear real to them. Their family, friends and people around them can notice that. If anyone has these symptoms he or she should be urgently sent to doctor for adequate therapy. Untreated schizophrenia worsens gradually. Mental institutions and specialists define the treatment and help these people overcome the problems the best way. They find ways to try to face the difficulties and symptoms and moderate them. People around the ones with paranoid schizophrenia should try to talk to them and give them support. Encouragement and support are of great importance. An honest and concerned conversation might help to convince these people to seek medical advice. They can try to hurt themselves and people around so sometimes emergency services are called.
These people have suicidal thoughts very often. A family member or a friend should be near them in these situations. People with paranoid schizophrenia must talk to someone or consult a professional to try and calm them down.
First generation anti-psychotics which influence on the brain neurotransmitters and ease the hallucinations and delusions. However, they can trigger adverse side effects, such as movement disorders ( a person makes involuntary moves).
Second-generation (atypical) anti-psychotics help with all the symptoms, recover motivation and emotions. Side effects includes in putting on weight and diabetes. Some antidepressant and other medicines can be included to deal with depression and anxiety.
Medications used and their dosage depend on how serious the schizophrenia is. Doctors may combine different medicines and methods before finding the best one which ease the symptoms. A patient must not stop taking medicines even if his state stabilizes because symptoms can reoccur.
All of these medications have side effects and can cause other health problems (high cholesterol, high blood pressure,changes in white blood cells and diet...). If other medications are used besides this, a doctor should be consulted to avoid dangerous interactions.