Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that influences patient’s process of thinking and emotional responsiveness. Schizophrenia manifests as auditory hallucinations, paranoid and bizarre delusions, disorganized speech and thinking and social dysfunction.
There are five sub-classifications of schizophrenia and undifferentiated type schizophrenia is one among them. The other types of schizophrenic subtypes include paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized type, catatonic type, and residual type.
At the present, there is no cure for schizophrenia, however management of symptoms and improving the quality of patients life are be more achievable than a cure. Schizophrenia occurs equally in males and females, while being rare in children. Genetic predisposition and social environment are key factors for developing this disease. More than million Americans are affected by schizophrenia each year.
Signs and symptoms of undifferentiated schizophrenia
In paranoid type of schizophrenia, patients are suffering from delusions and hallucinations. Patients with disorganized type express problems with speech and behavior, while catatonic patients may be almost immobile or may express bizarre body movements. In undifferentiated sub type of schizophrenia, there are some or all of the symptoms of other sub-classifications present. Symptoms usually fluctuate from one category to another.
Major signs of schizophrenia
There are no definite tests to diagnose schizophrenia. The illness develops gradually and diagnosis is possible only based on symptoms. However, major signs of schizophrenia are distinguished as follows:
- Delusional behavior is one of the most common indicators of schizophrenia. Patients will usually believe that someone (even a person close to family or a friend) is conspiring against them. In other cases, they might believe they are famous.
- Unusual speech is common for patients suffering from schizophrenia, because their thought process is not stable and the connection between the words and thoughts is often affected. Sentences may have no meaning to a listener. Furthermore, patients may use imaginary words or repeat words pronounced by others.
- Hallucinations, as the experience of sounds and sensations that are unreal, are commonly seen in patients with schizophrenia.
- Other signs include inability to understand the others, written or spoken words. Patients may not be able to reply to questions or make sentences that have some meaning. It is not unusual to find out that a patient is unable to care for his own personal hygiene. Patients may show signs of depression may alienate from the others and avoid eye contact. In some cases, patients may even discontinue speaking and moving.
In the treatment of schizophrenia, family support is extremely important. Many anti-psychotic medications are available to ease the unpleasant and disabling symptoms. Self-help groups are also very effective and may help sufferers to deal with their illness.