Information on Digestive Enzymes
Digestive enzymes are among the most important parts of thehuman digestion system. Digestion system consists of numerous different glandsand organs, but the enzymes are also an integral part of the whole system.Their role is to breakdown the particles of food and help in the process ofabsorption of numerous different essential nutrients into the human body. Allenzymes are actually proteins that are efficient in accelerating andcontrolling the rates of different types of chemical reactions. Virtually everybiological process that takes place in a living cell requires the presence ofat least one type of enzymes. Specific enzymes trigger and catalyze differentreactions.
Benefits of Digestive Enzymes
There are numerous different types of digestive enzymes butthey are all equally important for the food breakdown and the absorptionprocess of different essential nutrient elements. The classification ofdifferent digestive enzymes is commonly based on their individual location inthe digestive system. The enzymes of the oral cavity are lysozyme and ptyalinand they get secreted from the salivary glands. Lysozyme is not a digestiveenzyme, while ptyalin breaks down the starch so that it can be utilized by thehuman body in the form of segmented soluble sugars. The digestive enzymes whichget secreted in the stomach are also sometimes referred to as the gastricenzymes.
The four gastric enzymes are known by the names of pepsin, gastriclipase, gastric amylase and gelatinase. Pepsin comes from the group of peptidasesand breaks down the protein molecules into peptides. Gastric lipase acts onlyon trybutyrin and it is actually a butter fat enzyme. Gastric amylase serves apurpose of breaking down starch.
Gelatinase is in charge of degrading certaintypes of collagens and gelatins. Pancreas is actually a gland organ and itsecretes numerous digestive enzymes of its own. The list of pancreas secreteddigestive enzymes includes trypsin, pancreatic amylase, chymotrypsin,carboxypeptidase and steapsin. Trypsin along with chymotrypsin belongs to thegroup of peptidases as they break down the peptides. Carboxypeptidase is efficientin breaking different peptide fragments into certain types of amino acids.
Pancreaticamylase serves a purpose of degrading several types of carbohydrates. Steapsinis very beneficial in breaking different types of triglycerides into glyceroland fatty acids. Pancreas is also important for its role of secreting nucleasesand elastases. The small intestines are also efficient in secreting peptidasesand succus entewricus. Other enzymes include sucrose with is associated withthe breakdown of different types of sugar. Lactase deals with lactose in asimilar manner.