Alopecia areata is the medical term for thecondition characterized by the hair loss and the occurrence of baldness or baldpatches. Alopecia areata is more typical for women although it also occurs inmen. The occurrence of this disorder does not depend on age and every personmay develop it. Alopecia areata is a condition that occurs not onlyon the head, but it can occur also on the entire body. When a woman gets alopecia, it is very distressing forher. The hair loss on the visible partson the body in the form of bald patches is extremely upsetting and stressful. Thus,alopecia areata usually causes certain psychological side effects in women.
Causes and symptoms of alopecia areata
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder and thereare many causes that are responsible for the occurrence of it.Aging is one of the causes for the appearance ofbaldness. As we age, there are certain changes that happen in our body.Moreover, the body becomes weak and prone to many diseases and health problems.It is proven that in the majority of cases of people with this condition, it wascaused exactly by aging.Another cause for the alopecia appearance isheredity. It is discovered that the enzymes called 5-a reductase andaromatase are responsible for alopecia areata in women. These enzymes can beinherited either from the mother or father.In addition to these causes, stress is one of the reasonsresponsible for alopecia areata, as well as poor diet, which leads to theessential nutrients insufficiency. All this can affect the strength of the hairon the body.In women, alopecia areata may appear due to menopauseand certain hormonal changes, especially due to the changes in the level of hormoneandrogen.Furthermore, this condition of hair loss can beinduced by allergies, which are caused by certain medications.
Alopecia areata is a condition that has itscharacteristic symptoms, which can be visible. In the early stages, the mostcommon symptoms are the formation of bald patches and rapid loss of the hair onthe head or other parts on the body. Moreover, this condition may inducedepression and stress. In severe cases of alopecia, the main symptoms areitching and complete baldness.
Treatment of alopecia areata
Unfortunately, there is no cure for this condition.However, there are certain medications that can help in slowing down theprocess of getting bald or help hair regrowth. Many people who suffer from thiscondition use wigs or just transplant hair.