Alopecia areata is the medical term for the condition characterized by the hair loss and the occurrence of baldness or bald patches. Alopecia areata is more typical for women although it also occurs in men. The occurrence of this disorder does not depend on age and every person may develop it. Alopecia areata is a condition that occurs not only on the head, but it can occur also on the entire body. When a woman gets alopecia, it is very distressing for her. The hair loss on the visible parts on the body in the form of bald patches is extremely upsetting and stressful. Thus, alopecia areata usually causes certain psychological side effects in women.
Causes and symptoms of alopecia areata
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder and there are many causes that are responsible for the occurrence of it.
- Aging is one of the causes for the appearance of baldness. As we age, there are certain changes that happen in our body. Moreover, the body becomes weak and prone to many diseases and health problems. It is proven that in the majority of cases of people with this condition, it was caused exactly by aging.
- Another cause for the alopecia appearance is heredity. It is discovered that the enzymes called 5-a reductase and aromatase are responsible for alopecia areata in women. These enzymes can be inherited either from the mother or father.
- In addition to these causes, stress is one of the reasons responsible for alopecia areata, as well as poor diet, which leads to the essential nutrients insufficiency. All this can affect the strength of the hair on the body.
- In women, alopecia areata may appear due to menopause and certain hormonal changes, especially due to the changes in the level of hormone androgen.
- Furthermore, this condition of hair loss can be induced by allergies, which are caused by certain medications.
Alopecia areata is a condition that has its characteristic symptoms, which can be visible. In the early stages, the most common symptoms are the formation of bald patches and rapid loss of the hair on the head or other parts on the body. Moreover, this condition may induce depression and stress. In severe cases of alopecia, the main symptoms are itching and complete baldness.
Treatment of alopecia areata
Unfortunately, there is no cure for this condition. However, there are certain medications that can help in slowing down the process of getting bald or help hair regrowth. Many people who suffer from this condition use wigs or just transplant hair.