The human body is a very complex structure, made of many organs and systems that coordinate perfectly. The systems in the human body are very important for the survival. When one of the body’s systems is affected by some disorder or disease, it usually affects the other systems as well. The respiratory system, which is also called pulmonary system, is essential for the survival since it provides the body with oxygen. The major organ of the respiratory system is the lungs.
When one breathes, he/she inhales and exhales the air. The inhaled air travels through the nose or mouth, then through the nasopharynx, larynx and trachea and then to the bronchi and bronchioles. Afterwards, the air is passed to the places where the gas exchange occurs. The alveoli are tiny sacs that have thin walls, which is suitable for the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen. Since the role of the lungs is very important, it is crucial to maintain them healthy. However, there are several disorders and diseases that can affect the respiratory system. The most common lung diseases are water retention within the pleural cavity, inflammation of trachea or bronchial tubes, and many other disorders that affect nerves and muscles in the upper respiratory tract.
Granulomatous lung disease
It is estimated that every seventh person has a problem with respiratory system. Granulomatous lung disease is considered to be one of the chronic lung diseases along with pulmonary embolism and asthma. When granulomatous lung disease occurs, it usually causes serious lung damage. Granulomatous lung disease is caused by the antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies or destructive circulating antibodies that affect the small blood vessels in the lungs, as well as around the lungs. It is extremely important to treat this disease immediately when it is noticed, since it can be fatal if it is left untreated.
Symptoms of granulomatous lung disease
Granulomatous lung disease is a lung disease that has its characteristic symptoms. One of the most common warning signs of this lung disorder is runny nose or rhinitis, which occurs due to the inflammation of the mucous membrane. Furthermore, nasal congestion, nosebleeds and eye or ear infections are also the symptoms of granulomatous lung disease. The people who suffer from this disease may also experience the loss of hearing, which occurs due to the auditory tube dysfunction. Strawberry gingivitis, mouth ulcers, purpura and arthritis may also appear due to granulomatous lung disease. Other symptoms of this lung disease include scleritis, pulmonary hemorrhage, subglottal stenosis and sensory neuropathy.