Among the most important systems inthe human body is respiratory system, since we get oxygen and expel the carbondioxide through the respiratory tract by inhaling and exhaling. It is a vitalsystem, necessary for the survival of every individual since its functions are indispensable.However, as any other part of the body, the respiratory tract functions can be impairedby several disorders and diseases. One of the disorders that can affect thelungs is viral infection commonly known as pneumonia. Pneumonia refers to the inflammationand swelling of the lungs that fill up with pus.
Causes of viral infection in lung
Viral lung infection usually occurswhen one inhales the virus though the breathing process. The virus tends totravel through the airways until reaching the lungs, where it stays and starts to overproduce. In most cases, viral lung inflammation is developed out ofcommon cold and in some cases, even fever may be responsible for the occurrence ofthe viral infection in the lungs.
Since our environment is full ofdifferent kinds of viruses, bacteria, fungi and many other microorganisms, theypenetrate into the body very easily through the mouth and the nose, and thenthey can easily reach the lungs. Therefore, the lung infections are a quitenormal and frequent respiratory system disorder, which affects many people. Commoncold and cough are the two lung infections that affect almost every person atleast once in life.
Symptoms of viral lung infection
Viral lung infection tends to shownumerous symptoms and when they are noticed, it is advisable to treat theinfection in order to avoid the occurrence of some more serious lung disease.
The people who have some viral lunginfection typically experience dry coughing, sore throat, fever which is not high andnasal congestion. Moreover, headache, muscle spasm and aches in the joints are alsosome of the warning signs of a viral lung infection. Viral lung infection may cause pain on one side of the chest when breathing, as well as sputum when coughingup. Other common symptoms of this lungcondition might also include nausea and shortness of breath, as well as vomiting anddiarrhea.
Treatment of viral lung infection
Once the viral infection in thelungs is diagnosed through the various tests, the doctors prescribe certainantiviral medications. However, if the patient has problems with breathing, he/she is hospitalized right away and given the breathing apparatusin order to breathe normally.