Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, or OHSS, is something that is often mentioned in the context of fertility treatments, and especially invitro fertilization. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is in fact a complication that can arise from taking certain fertility drugs, as a side effect. Although most cases of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome are mild, it can sometimes be a serious problem. Everyone who is thinking about taking fertility medication, or is about to start, needs to be familiar with Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome and its symptoms.
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is the result of medications that are used to stimulate multiple eggs in one cycle. Luteinized cysts in the ovaries can be a side effect of these medications, and they can cause swelling and enlargement of the ovaries. Fluids that should be in the ovaries are released into the abdominal cavity. This can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild to severe. In mild cases of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, the symptoms may include diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and nausea or vomiting. If the OHSS is more severe, rapid weight gain, vomiting and diarrhea, more concentrated urine of a very dark color, and constant thirst, with a dry feeling all over the body, can be experienced.
And in really serious cases of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, severe abdominal bloating, shortness of breath, and a stop in urination may be added. Pains in the chest, the calf, and more obviously the lower abdomen are also potential ways in which OHSS can manifest itself. The most dangerous complications of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome are ovarian rupture, and kidney function problems. Thankfully, Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is rare. And in most cases, there are no long term consequences for the patient. It is important to inform your medical team immediately if you have any of the symptoms that were described earlier, and if you are feeling really badly, feel free to go to the emergency room. Also look at birth control pills before starting IVF why? and side effects of injectables before IVF.