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What is polycystic ovarian syndrome

The reproductive system in the females is very sensitive and can be affected by many conditions. The most serious consequence of not treating some of the reproductive system disorder or disease in women is infertility.

The development of ovarian cysts is quite normal in many women. While some may experience the growth of only one ovarian cyst, there are also those who experience the development of many benign cysts on the ovaries, which is a condition named as polycystic ovarian syndrome.  These cysts that are the products of the ovulation cycles are the sacs filled with fluid. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is an ailment that usually appears in women younger than 30 years of age. In most cases, the polycystic ovarian cysts do not need any treatment since many times they are just the enlargements of the follicles of the normal egg.

Causes of polycystic ovarian syndrome

The main reason for the occurrence of polycystic ovarian syndrome is insulin resistance and therefore, the women who suffer from type 2 diabetes are at high risk to develop many benign cysts on the ovaries. When the woman is insulin resistant, the level of the insulin in the blood is elevated since the cells do not respond to this hormone. Apart from the polycystic ovarian syndrome, high amounts of insulin in the blood also cause lack of ovulation and miscarriage, as well as the infertility and elevated levels of androgens.

When the follicles that contain the eggs are not fully developed, they tend to collect in the ovaries, and since the eggs do not mature they cannot be let free form the ovaries, which results in their accumulation as cysts within the ovaries. The low levels of the hormone called follicle-stimulating hormone and elevated levels of androgens in the ovaries are the responsible causes for the lack of ovulation and follicle maturation.

Symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome

The women who develop polycystic ovarian syndrome may experience several warning signs, such as irregular menstrual cycle, which can be marked either by light or heavy menstruation, type 2 diabetes, the excessive weight gain, acne and decreased breasts size. The polycystic ovarian syndrome may also cause the development of some male sex characteristics like increased body hair and the enlargement of clitoris, as well as the deepening of the voice. Sometimes, this condition may cause infertility in women and for this reason, it is highly important to treat the polycystic ovarian cysts.

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