Polycystic ovarian syndrome isthe term that is used for the specific hormonal disorder in women in theirreproductive age. The women with polycystic ovarian syndrome have enlargedovaries with many small cysts along the outside edge of the eachovary. The symptoms of this disorder usually appear after the firstmenstruation or later as a result of obesity and they are different and varyfrom person to person. Polycystic ovarian syndrome can be mild and severe.
The woman who suffers frompolycystic ovarian syndrome usually has menstruation irregularity, excess ofandrogen and polycystic ovaries, though it often occurs that the woman don’t haveher period for several months, that her periods are lasting more than it isnormal or that she has only about eight cycles a year. Because of theexcess of the male hormone androgen certain symptoms that can be seen inwomen with polycystic ovarian syndrome are hirsutism or excess facial andbody hair and adult or severe adolescence acne while in some cases evenandrogenic alopecia or baldness happen.
The main causes of this disorderare not fully established yet, but there are several that can be regarded aspotential. Polycystic ovarian syndrome can be inherited, so if a mother or asister has it, chances are that the daughter or sister will getpolycystic ovarian syndrome as well. Some doctors claim that the womanwith insulin resistance has the excess of insulin as the consequence, and thatexcess insulin further causes the higher production of the male hormoneandrogen, thus leading to polycystic ovarian syndrome. Moreover, the womenwith low-grade inflammation are at risk to develop polycystic ovarian syndrome.
It is very important to visit thedoctor if some changes or irregularities happen when the menstrual period is inthe question. The early diagnosis and proper treatment is necessary in order toavoid certain complications such as infertility and obesity. Furthermore,impaired glucose tolerance or commonly known prediabetes, diabetes type 2, highblood pressure and acanthosis nigricans can also be some of the consequencesof this syndrome. Acanthosis nigricans is the term that is used fordarkened skin in certain places on the body of the woman for example on theneck, armpits, under breasts, vulva or inner thighs. This occurs as a result ofthe insulin resistance. Infertility usually happens because of the infrequentovulation or lack of ovulation. The heart diseases and stroke can be avoidedalso if polycystic ovarian syndrome is treated on time.