Polycystic ovarian syndrome
Polycystic ovarian syndrome isthe medical term that is used for the characteristic hormonal disorder with womenin their reproductive age. The women that suffer from polycystic ovariansyndrome have enlarged ovaries with many tiny cysts along the outside edge ofthe each ovary. Polycystic ovarian syndrome can be mild or severe, and thesymptoms usually appear after the first menstruation, or later as a result ofobesity, and they are different and can vary from person to person.
The woman with polycystic ovariansyndrome usually has menstruation irregularity, excessive production ofandrogen and polycystic ovaries. It often occurs that the woman does not have herperiod for several months, that her periods are lasting more than it is normal,or that she has only about eight cycles a year. With women with polycysticovarian syndrome certain symptoms which can be seen are hirsutism or excessfacial and body hair and severe adolescence acne, all this because of theexcess of the male hormone androgen. In some cases even androgenic alopecia orbaldness happens.
The real causes of this disorder arenot precisely determined yet but there are several that can be regarded aspotential. Polycystic ovarian syndrome can be inherited. Some doctors claimthat the women with insulin resistance have the excess of insulin as theconsequence. That excess insulin further causes the higher production of themale hormone androgen and leads to polycystic ovarian syndrome. Moreover, thewomen with low-grade inflammation are at risk to develop polycystic ovariansyndrome.
Complications of polycysticovarian syndrome
The early diagnosis and propertreatment are necessary in order to avoid certain complications such asinfertility and obesity. Besides that, impaired glucose tolerance or thecondition commonly known as prediabetes, diabetes type 2, high blood pressure and acanthosis nigricans can also be some of the consequences of this syndrome.
Acanthosis nigricans is themedical term used for darkened skin in certain places on the body of the woman,for example, on the neck, armpits, under breasts, vulva or inner thighs. Thisoccurs as a result of the insulin resistance. Cancer of the uterinelining, as well as nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or serious liver inflammationmay appear as the consequences of untreated polycystic ovariansyndrome. Infertility usually happens because of the infrequent ovulation,or lack of ovulation. The heart diseases and stroke can be avoided ifpolycystic ovarian syndrome is treated on time. Furthermore, sleep apneaand abnormal uterine bleeding are also some of the complications that can beinduced by polycystic ovarian syndrome.