Prednisone isthe synthetic form of corticosteroid hormone. These hormones are naturally synthesizedin the cortex of the adrenal gland, and their functions are to prepare the bodyto react to stressful occasions, to modify the response of the immune system todifferent substances and stimuli, and to affect our behavior. You can also findout that corticosteroid hormones affect the metabolism of proteins and carbohydratesin the body, maintain the normal level of electrolytes and also decrease theswelling on the body. There are two groups of corticosteroid hormones, known asglucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Prednisone belongs to the first group,affecting the immune system and regulating all functions in the body.
This synthetichormone works in the same way as natural body glucocorticoids. It has anegative effect on the immune system, suppressing its activity if it is tooactive and thus decreasing inflammation in the body. Prednisone is thereforeused as immune-suppressant and anti-inflammatory substance.
Many medicalconditions can be treated with Prednisone. It can be used to treat various skinproblems, such as psoriasis, seborrhea, serious allergic reactions on the skin,mycosis fungoides (one type of lymphoma). Asthma, atopic dermatitis and severalother allergic reactions can also benefit from this synthetic hormone. Systemiclupus erythematosus (also known as SLE) is also treatable with Prednisone. Lupuserythematosus and kidney problems can cause retention of fluids, which isalso potentially treated with this drug.
Blood problems,like anemia or thrombocytopenia (low number of blood platelets), caused byreactions of the immune system are also indications for Prednisone.
Many eye-relatedmedical conditions, including optical neuritis, keratitis or herpes infections ofthe eyes can be successfully treated with this hormone drug. Even rheumatic disorders(rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis, orosteoarthritis, gout, bursitis orankylosing spondylitis) are treated with the same medication.
Gastrointestinalproblems and respiratory disorders are additional problems that might be solvedwith Prednisone. In some cases, doctors will prescribe Prednisone to patientssuffering from pneumonia or tuberculosis, or even to some people having Crohn’sdisease. Ulcerative colitis patients can also benefit from Prednisone therapy.
Lymphoma andleukemia patients experiencing cancer symptoms may also find some reliefusing Prednisone for the treatment. MS (multiple sclerosis) is also one of themedical conditions for which doctors might prescribe Prednisone.
There aresome off –label purposes of Prednisone, and some doctors may prescribe youprednisone although this medication is not designed for your particular condition.This way, seizures, carpal tunnel syndrome and pulmonary fibrosis patients arethose that can also experience benefits from Prednisone.