There are a lot of people in the world who are not aware of what EGD or esophagogastroduodenoscopy is. EGD is also known as upper endoscopy. These people need to know that it is a procedure thanks to which the doctor will gain more information about the esophagus, small intestine and stomach. By placing an endoscope in the throat of the patient the doctor will be able to look inside of these structures. Endoscope is a small tube that can be easily bent and has a camera on the top of it. The endoscope can also be used for treatment in cases when certain foreign bodies or unusual growths are seen.
Upper endoscopy complications
Just like with any other procedure, certain complications may arise during them. When endoscopy is considered, the most common complications are nausea and vomiting, reaction to medication or allergic skin reaction. Apart from these complications, certain other and more severe complications may occur as well but those cases are not that often. These complications can occur during the endoscopy or after it. Some of the most common major complications include perforation of the stomach, esophagus or small intestine, bleeding and even heart and lung problems. However, people should be aware of the fact that these complications occur in no more than two endoscopy procedures out of 1,000.
Minor upper endoscopy complications
People should know that there are a lot of complications that may occur during an endoscopy and that are considered to be minor. Some of the most common are nausea, vomiting, reaction to medication and allergic skin reaction. People should know that in almost all cases of minor complications they do not last for a long period of time and they can be managed by the healthcare provider.
Major upper endoscopy complications
These complications can occur after and even during the procedure. People should know that even though they do not occur that often, they are possible. A person's overall health plays an important role with these complications and it will determine how fast a person will recover from them. A person suffering from diabetes or a severe heart disease has a greater chance of experiencing some of these complications. Just like with minor complications, there are a lot of major ones as well. Some of the most common include perforation in the esophagus, stomach or small intestine, bleeding and heart and lung problems like pneumonia, lung failure and heart failure.