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Information on Vitamin K

Vitamin K is one of the essential nutrients and it is one ofthe vital components when it comes to the formation of bones and proper bloodclotting. It can also be used for the treatment of warfarin overdose. The K isshort for koagulering which is a Danish word for clotting. This is due tovitamin K being discovered by a Danish scientist known by the name of HenrikDam. The human intestines are capable of producing vitamin K, and theproduction itself can be enhanced by ingesting proper amounts of yogurt orother similar sorts of cultured milk products. There are two different types ofnaturally occurring vitamin K. K1 occurs in plants and is scientificallyreferred to as phylloquinone. K2 is commonly synthesized by certain types ofbacteria in the intestines and it is scientifically referred to as menaquinone.K3 is a synthetic type of vitamin K, commonly produced by most pharmaceuticalcompanies and it is scientifically referred to as menadione. Vitamin K fitsinto the category of fat soluble vitamins. It can be deposited in the fatissues of the body, once it gets absorbed. This is why it does not have to betaken in significant quantities. If a person ingests too much vitamin K it maylead to toxicity. Vitamin K deficiency usually requires years before it getsmanifested this way or another. The recommended dietary allowance for vitamin Kis 65 micrograms per day for women and 80 micrograms per day.

Deficiency and Excessive Intake

If a person suffers from vitamin K deficiency, it maycharacterized by certain symptoms but the most common ones include nosebleedsand internal hemorrhaging. Those who somehow ingest excessive amounts ofvitamin K may suffer from toxicity. The symptoms of such medical conditioncommonly include jaundice, anemia, flushing and sweating.

Importance

Vitamin K is very important for various processes inside thehuman body, such as the creation of prothrombin, a liver protein which is avital factor in the clotting of blood. It is also involved in the repairing andthe formation of bones, so it prevents osteoporosis and similar medicalconditions from occurring. Those who take warfarin should avoid taking vitaminK in large quantities because it may lead to the formation of blood clots. Food items rich in vitamin K include greentea, coffee, bacon, liver, cheese, asparagus, spring onions, mustard greens,cabbage, turnip greens, lettuce, broccoli, endive, scallion, Brussels sprouts,watercress, collard greens, kale, Swiss chard, spinach and celery.

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