Respiratory syncytial virus – RSV
Respiratory syncytial virus is a virus responsible for the occurrence of thelungs and respiratory tract infections. This virus is very common and many childrenup to their 2 years of life are infected by it. Adults can be also infected by respiratorysyncytial virus. The main cause of this condition is the presence of the mentioned virus inthe body. It should be known that this condition is contagious and can beeasily spread from person to person. The most favorable seasons for this virusand its spreading are autumn and winter.
Symptoms of respiratory syncytial virus – RSV
In the majority of cases, when the elderly people, adults and healthychildren are infected by this virus, the symptoms are not very serious andusually are very similar to those symptoms of a common cold. In such cases, medicaltreatment is not necessary, and home treatment is enough. Usually, the first symptoms appear four or six days after the virusentered the body. The most common symptoms of mild respiratory syncytial virusare dry cough, sore throat and congested or runny nose. Many people that areinfected by this virus may also experience mild fever or headache, as well as restlessness,uneasiness, and malaise or discomfort.
On the other side, severe respiratory syncytial virus usually occurs inpremature babies and infants that are already suffering with some otherdiseases. Furthermore, it can also appear in adults that are suffering from heartor lung diseases. In these cases, untreated respiratory syncytial virus cancause certain complications such as pneumonia or bronchiolitis. It is themedical term for the inflammation of the bronchioles or small airway passages thatenter the lungs. The most common symptoms of severe respiratory syncytial virus are severecough, high fever and wheezing. Furthermore, the person with this virus may complainalso of rapid breathing or difficulty breathing. Cyanosis is also a symptom ofsevere RSV, and it is a medical term for the bluish color of the skin that occurs because of the oxygen insufficiency.
Typically, the children are more affected. Their breathing is shallow, shortand rapid, accompanied by coughing. Moreover, the loss of appetite appears andthe child shows the signs of irritation and lethargy. The infected person recovers approximately within eight to fifteen days. Therecovery time is much longer when severe respiratory syncytial virus is in question, and in most cases, it requires hospitalization because it can even be fatal for premature born babies or for the elderly people with lung or heartproblems.